Ñòðàíèöà ñïèñêà: eucertax.htm
Remarks #1 Some authors regarded Vesperus serranoi as a synonym of V. conicicollis; according to Vives (2000) V. conicicollis = V. baesuriensis. #2 Prinobius was often regarded as a subgenus of Macrotoma. #3 The tribe system of Lepturinae (with Rhamnusiini, Oxymirini, Enoploderini and so on) is more or less agree with P.Svacha (1989 in Svacha, Danilevsky, 1989) divisions, though P.Svacha joined Rhamnusium and Enoploderes in one tribe. Rhamnusiini, Oxymirini and Enoploderini were named by Danilevsky in "A Check-list :" (Althoff and Danilevsky,1977). #4 Rhamnusium gracilicorne and Rh. bicolor are often considered as synonyms. #5 Vadonia hirsuta was often considered as an individual variation of V. unipunctata. It was regarded as a species by Panin, Savulescu (1961), Althoff, Danilevsky (1997), Miroshnikov (1998: 407). #6 We used (after C.Pesarini and A.Sabbadini, 1994) Leptura annularis F., 1801 as a replacement name for L. arcuata Panzer, 1793 (not Linnaeus, 1758). The species was recorded for Andorra (Vives, 1984) and as probable for other Pyrenees localities (Vives, 2000). #7 G. Sama (1991) proposed to change the name Tetropium in the oldest name Isarthron, ignoring Opinion No 1473 (1988) on the conservation of Tetropium. #8 The replacement names are used according to proposals by G. Sama (1991). According to A.Miroshnikov (personal communication of 2003), Brullé (1832: 258) introduced: "Lamia (Morinus Serv. ined.) lugubris Fabr." and "Lamia (Morinus Serv. ined.) funesta Fabr.", but in same publication in "Errata": "Morinus, lisez Morimus". So the name Morimus Brullé, 1832 must be used and proposal of G.Sama (1991: 126): "Morinus Brullé, 1832 = Morimus Serville, 1835" can not be accepted. E.Vives (2000) insists on Niphona Mulsant, 1839, instead of Nyphona Dejean, 1835; according to G. Sama (1991) Nyphona Dejean, 1837. Phymatoderus Dejean, 1937 is nomen nudum, so Phymatoderus Reitter, 1912 = Reitteroderus Sama, 1991 (see Sama, 1999b). #9 In North Europe Gracilia minuta and Nathrius brevipennis are not native, but often imported with wickerwood articles. Both were recorded for Ireland with question mark by M.Rejzek (2004). #10 Taxonomy and distribution of Glaphyra are given according to G. Sama (1995). #11 The treating of western Xylosteus spinolae as a separate subspecies was proposed by G. Sama (1993). The possible name of the taxon could be X. s. rufiventris. Afterwards G.Sama (2002) regarded the difference between eastern and western populations as covered by individual variability. More over X. spinolae = X. rufiventris because of same type locality. #12 Specimens of Vadonia livida with vertical and radial directions of pronotal pubescence are often mixed in one population, so we do not regard P. livida m. pecta (J.Daniel et K.Daniel, 1891) as a subspecies, as well as m. desbrochersi (Pic, 1891) which is also often mixed with less tomented specimens. #13 West European population of Cerambyx cerdo do not show distinct differentiation on subspecies level, still many authors joint Pirenean populations together with ssp. mirbecki described from North Africa (see Vives, 1984), as well as French populations together with ssp. pfisteri described from Sicily (see Villiers, 1978). #14 Purpuricenus caucasicus was separated from P. budensis by A. Miroshnikov (Danilevsky, Miroshnikov, 1985). #15 Dubious records of Phymatodes lividus for several countries could based on imported specimens. #16 Records of Chlorophorus herbstii for NW Kazachstan (Plavilstshikov, 1940: 467) were connected with Ch. elaeagni (Kostin, 1973: 184). #17 Old records of Dorcadion elegans for Hungary as well as possible occurrence in Poland are not reliable. #18 All specimens from the territory of the former USSR, identified as Pogonocherus ovatus, in Plavilstshikov's collection in Moscow Zoological Museum, were in fact P. decoratus. No P. ovatus from this area are known to the authors, so all records we consider as doubtful (we have not checked the collections of Litva, Latvia and Estonia). #19 Many authors regard Pogonocherus taygetanus as a synonym or South Greece subspecies of P. eugeniae. #20 G. Sama (1994b) joined European representatives of Acanthoderini in Nearctic genus Aegomorphus. According to Monne (1994) the type species of Acanthoderes is Lamia varia F.,1787 = A. clavipe (Schrank 1781) - designation of Bates (1861), but not South American Lamia daviesi, designated by Thomson, 1864. In fact the text by Bates (1861: 19): "In A. varius, the European species which may be considered typical of the genus,:" can not be regarded as the type designation of the genus. G.Sama (1994) established species independence of Plagionotus siculus and used Prinobius myardi Muls. as a replacement name for P. scutellaris Germ., described as Prionus scutellaris Germ.(not Olivier, 1795). #21 Stenostola alboscutellata was recently regarded (Bense, 1995) as a synonym of S. dubia. #22 Ropalopus fischeri was described from near Kharkov (East Ukraine), and mentioned as a separate species from near Voronezh (Central Russia) by G.V. Lindeman (1963). #23 Xylotrechus asellus (= grumi) together with X. namanganensis (Heyden, 1885) were separated in a new genus Turanoclytus Sama, 1994. #24 The synonymisations: Agapanthia lederi = A. helianthi and Clytus asellus = Xylotrechus grumi were introduced by M.Danilevsky (1992b). Xylotrechus grumi was mentioned by I. S. Zakharchenko (1957) for Transvolga region. #25 Oberea taygetana was treated as a synonym of O. erythrocephala by C. Demelt (1967). #26 We are not sure if the forms of Chlorophorus sartor with twice interrupted anterior elytral stripe from France and Italy really represent a good subspecies, but the name "infensus" (Plavilstshikov, 1940) is not suitable for it (used by C.Pesarini and A. Sabbadini, 1994), because this name was proposed for a very rare individual aberration from Caucasus. #27 The common treatment of Spondylidinae as a separate subfamily close to Aseminae is a taxomic error (see Svacha, Danilevsky, 1987). #28 Phytoecia manicata, described from Syria, absent in Europe. All records of this species from Europe due to Ph. pubescence, which is not close to Ph. manicata and can be easily distinguished from the later by the absence of spines on the male coxae (Danilevsky, 1993). #29 Records of A. violacea were often connected with A. intermedia, so the distributional data are provisional. A. intermedia was recorded for France and Italy by G.Sama (2002). #30 Lucasianus levaillanti was recorded for Spain and Portugal by J. Plaza Lama (1990) and G. Sama (1992a). #31 Agapanthia reyi was considered by some authors as a synonym of A. annularis, or by others as a synonym of A. asphodeli (Sama, 1992). I have accepted the last position after E.Vives (2000). #32 According to G.Sama (1988a) Phytoecia rufipes must be absent in Siberia and Central Asia, because of its monophagy on Foeniculum. Ph. rufipes has continuous area from South Russia to Siberia and Central Asia, were it was often collected by M. Danilevsky on Prangos. Before (Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997) I regarded easten polulations of Ph. rufipes as Ph. sibirica on the base of different food plant. I do not see considerable morphological differences between specimens from West Europe and Russia. According G.Sama (2002: 116) Ph. sibirica is a species. #33 G.Sama (1987) regarded Purpuricenus desfontainii inhumeralis as a separate subspecies and mentioned the occurrence of P. d. desfontainii on Crete. #34 Shurmania was recently considered as a synonym of Alocerus (Holzschuh, 1995). #35 Purpuricenus caucasicus was treated as a separate species by A. Miroshnikov (1984), but recently it was regarded as a subspecies of P. budensis from Armenien Republic and Turkey (Sabbadini and Pesarini, 1992). #36 Morimus ganglbaueri and M. funereus are often considered as synonyms of Morimus asper. According to J.Simonetta (1989), all are species. According to G.Sama (1988) all are subspecies. According to G.Sama (2002), M. verecundus is also a subspecies of M. asper; Morimus from European Turkey was accepted as M.orientalis. #37 Phytoecia hispanica Br. was considered as a synonym of Ph. coerulea by Gonzalez (1995b), as a synonym of Ph. erythrocnema by Vives (2000) and as a synonym of Ph. malachitica by J. Sudre (2000), that seems to be correct. #38 Echinocerus scalaris (as well as Phoracantha semipunctata) was mentioned for Spain by J. Plaza Lama et J. de Ferrer (1988). #39 We include West Europe in the area of Tetrops gilvipes following P. Berger (1985), though the distribution of this species in Europe rests unclear. C. Pesarini and A. Sabbadini (1994) regard that Tetrops gilvipes (described from Transcaucasie) absent in West Europe, and black Tetrops with pale legs from West Europe can be a separate species T. nigra or a dark form of T. praeusta. A series of T. gilvipes was collected in Rostov Region of South Russia (Egorlykskaia, 13-14 05 2003) by D.Kasatkin (personal communication, 2003). #40 The subspecies rank of Agapanthia cardui pannonica was established by J.M. Gutowski (1992) and accepted by Georgiev, Stojanova (2003). #41 Siberian Anoplodera rufiventris (Gebler, 1830) absent in Europe. The records of this species for Roumania (Kaszab, 1971; Pesarini, Sabbadini, 1994) was based on wrong synonymisation: A. rufiventris = Leptura nigroflava Fuss, 1852. Different authors proposed different synonyms for L. nigroflava: Evodinellus borealis, Brachyta variabilis, B. borni and so on, but in fact it is a very distinct species, as it was accepted by Panin and Savulescu (1961: 143). A.Miroshnikov (1998) accepted the supposition by P.Svacha (1989)to regard two Palaearctic species of the group inside American genus Xestoleptura: X. rufiventris and X. baeckmanni. Xestoleptura nigroflava is the third Palaearctic species of the genus. #42 The African species Chlorophorus pelletieri was mentioned for France and Spain by Villiers (1946) after wrong determination Villiers (1974a, 1978), as well as for Italy by G. Sama (1988) after S. de Bertolini (1875, 1899), see G. Sama (1988). But recently (Pesarini and Sabbadini, 1995) it was once more regarded as questionable member of European fauna. #43 G. Sama (1987) proposed to regard Grammoptera bipustulata as a subspecies of G. auricollis and then (Sama, 1996) considered its population from Creta as a separate subspecies G. a. basicornis. #44 Phytoecia (Helladia) millefolii alziari Sama, 1992, described from Cyprus and Turkey, was mentioned for Crete by C. Pesarini and A. Sabbadini (1994). #45 The original locality of Vesperus creticus is not clear (see Bense, 1995: 470). #46 G. Sama (1982) recorded Purpuricenus nanus Semenov, 1907 for Greece due to the wrong label (Sama, 1996). #47 The distribution of Stenopterus rufus geniculatus is shown according to G. Sama (1995b). #48 G. Sama (1996) regarded the name Clytus robertae as nomen nudum, but we are not sure if it is really fitting to the conditions of the Art. 15 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (conditional proposition). #49 According to G. Sama (1992b), Pedostrangalia consists of 3 subgenera (Pedostrangalia, Sphenalia, Etorufus) According to P.Svacha (Svacha, Danilevsky, 1989: 18, 131), Nakanea is a subgenus of Pedostrangalia. In fact it can be included in Etorufus (according to personal communication by Svacha, 2004). Following G.Sama (2002) I accept Etorufus as a genus, that totally agree with larval characters (personal communication by Svacha, 2004). In fact the attribution to one taxon P. circaocularis (Pic, 1934) [= P. variicornis (Matsushita, 1933, nec Dalman, 1817 ) - type species of Etorufus] and P. pubescens seems to be doudtful, as imagoes are rather different (structure of apical abdominal segments, tarsi and so on). The date of Pedostrangalia Sokolov (Horae Soc. Ent. Ross., v. 30, p. 461) is different in different publications: it is 1896, according to Plavilstshikov, 1936; Villiers, 1978; Sama, 2002 - or 1897, according to Vives, 2000. According to I.M. Kerzhner (1984), only two first numbers of 30th volum were published in 1836, but numbers 3-4 with pages 193-480 were published in 1897. #50 Evodinus clathratus and E. borealis were placed in different subgenera by C. Pesarini and A. Sabbadini (1994). According to P.Svacha (Svacha, Danlevsky, 1989), on the larval characters Evodinus LeConte, 1850 = Evodinellus (used by G.Sama 2002, together with Evodinellus = Brachytodes). "I would prefer classifying borealis and clathratus in Evodinus (together with the American species) and to keep Evodinellus and Brachytodes as subgenera of Evodinus at most." - personal communication by P.Svacha, 2004. #51 We tried to composed all species of D. (Pedestredorcadion) in natural groups, but proposed order of species can't completely reflect our point of view as several species rest unknown to us. #52 Macroleptura thoracica was often regarded as a representative of american genus Stenelytrana Gistl, 1848 (= Stenura Dejean, 1835; = Megaleptura Chemsak, 1964,). #53 The records of Mesoprionus besicanus for Crete seem to be based on wrong determinations of M. batelkai (Slama, 1996). #54 Purpuricenus caucasicus was recorded for Macedonia by M.Slama and J. Slamova (1996) with question mark; later this population was described as P. renyvonae. #55 Stenopterus atricornis was recorded as a species for Greece (Slama, Slamova, 1996). #56 The synonymy Vadonia parnassensis (Pic) = V. aspoeckorum Holz. was published by M.Slama and J.Slamova (1996). V. aspoeckorum Holz. was restored by Pesarini and Sabbadini (2004) #57 Anastrangalia dubia moreana was regarded as a Peloponnese subspecies (Slama, Slamova, 1996). #58 Several authors (for example M. Slama and J. Slamova, 1996) regard Phymatodes pusillus barbipes as a good subspecies, but such separation can not be considered as generally accepted. #59 All records of Cortodera discolor Fairm. for Greece were connected with wrong identification of recently described C. steineri Sama, 1997. Cortodera discolor from SE Bulgaria [1 female: Karapelit w., Dobritsch, 11.5.2001, Bringmann; 1 female: 30km SE Burgas, Veselie, 16.5.2002, L.Schmidt; 2 males, 2 females: Vesseli bei Sozop, 16.5.2002, Bringmann; 9 males, 2 females: Slanchev Brjag, Emineberge, auf Centaurea-blüte, 28.4.2001, G.Siering (including 4 black males); 1 male, Slanchev Brjag, auf Centaurea, 8.5.2000, G.Sierung] looks really conspecific with C. discolor from its type locality (Turkey, Bosz- Dagh). I've studied one female in good condition with the label "Bosdagh" (Hungarian Museum of Ntural History, Budapest). The species is undoubtedly represented in European Turkey. Cortodera discolor could be conspecific with Cortodera colchica (on the level of subspecies). At least Bulgarien Cortodera discolor is also connected with Centaurea. #60 Echinocerus andreui (Fuente, 1910) is revalidated by J.I. Lopez- Colon (1997) as a species, but E.Vives (2000) regarded it as subspecies of Echinocerus bobelayei (though in Plagionotus). #61 According to S. V. Saluk (personal communication), Deilus fugax (Oliv.) was found in Pripiat National Reserve. The species was recorded for NW Kazakhstan (Embulatovka River) by Tsherepanov (1981). #62 Pogonocherus decoratus was originally recorded for Bulgaria by P.Angelov (1989), as well as Icosium tomentosum and Phytoecia millefolii. According to S. V. Saluk (personal communication), several specimens of Pogonocherus decoratus were reared by him from Pinus pallasiana branches collected in Crimea near Gurzuf. #63 In spite of G. Sama's opinion (1987), M. Slama (1997) insists on the original treatment of Grammoptera bipustulata Steiner as separate species. #64 The records of Lepturalia nigripes rufipennis for Europe (Adlbauer, 1990; Adlbauer, Egger, 1997) were based on single specimens with reddish elytrae, which occasionally occur in all area of nominative subspecies as well as specimens with yellowish elytrae are spread over the area of L. n. rufipennis. #65 Usually the name "Rhesus" attributed to Motschulsky was used for the genus. But originally "Rhesus" was introduced for Prionus serricollis Motsch. by J.Thomson (1860), non Lesson (1840). #66 The subspecies structure of D. minutum Kraatz, 1873 is prepared according to the opinion of Herr S. Steiner (private letter of 28.3.99). According to S.Steiner (2003), D. pararenarium, D. nemeense, D. mimarenarium, D. aeginasum. D. lamiae, D. amphissae are species. Dorcadion peloponnesicum Breuning, 1982, described from Megaspileon, (Peloponnese) was not mentioned in Steiner's article (neither by Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997). #67 A.I. Miroshnikov (1998) proposed a new classification of the species of "Anoplodera complex", which being limited within the area (and after exclusion of Corymbia as junior homonym)looks: Genus: Lepturobosca Reitter, 1913 Subgenus: Lepturobosca Reitter, 1913 virens (Linnaeus, 1758) Genus: Xestoleptura Casey, 1913 nigroflava (Fuss, 1852) Genus: Anoplodera Mulsant, 1839 Subgenus: Anoplodera Mulsant, 1839 rufipes (Schaller, 1783) sexguttata (Fabricius, 1775) Subgenus: Anoploderomorpha Pic 1901 cyanea (Gebler, 1832) ssp. cyanea (Gebler, 1832) Genus: Pseudovadonia Lobanov, Murzin et Danilevsky, 1981 livida (Fabricius, 1776) Genus: Vadonia Mulsant, 1863 unipunctata (Fabricius, 1787) hisuta (K.Daniel et J.Daniel, 1891) insidiosa Holzschuh, 1984 aspoeckorum Holzschuh, 1975 bipunctata (Fabricius, 1781) steveni (Sperk, 1835) imitatrix (K.Daniel et J.Daniel, 1891) bisignata (Brulle, 1832) dojranensis Holzschuh, 1984 monostigma (Ganglbauer, 1881) moesiaca (K.Daniel et J.Daniel, 1891) bicolor (Redtenbacher, 1850) Genus: Paracorymbia (Miroshnikov, 1998) Subgenus: Paracorymbia (Miroshnikov, 1998) fulva (Degeer, 1775) tonsa (K.Daniel et J.Daniel, 1891) hybrida (Rey, 1885) picticornis (Reitter, 1885) pallens (Brullé, 1832) maculicornis (Degeer, 1775) Subgenus: Batesiata Miroshnikov, 1998 tesserula (Charpentier, 1825) Genus: Melanoleptura Miroshnikov, 1998 scutellata (Fabricius, 1781) Genus: Stictoleptura Casey, 1924 (Corymbia, sensu Miroshnikov) rubra (Linnaeus, 1758) variicornis (Dalman, 1817) fontenayi (Mulsant, 1839) oblongomaculata (Buquet, 1840) trisignata (Fairmaire, 1852) erythroptera (Hagenbach, 1822) rufa (Brulle, 1832) heydeni (Ganglbauer, 1889) martini (Slama, 1985) cordigera (Fuesslins, 1775) stragulata (Germar, 1824) otini (Peyerimhoff, 1945) Genus: Anastrangalia Casey 1924 ECKWSUI sanguinolenta (Linnaeus, 1761) dubia (Scopoli, 1763) reyi (Heyden, 1889) montana (Mulsant et Rey, 1863) In general the whole system does not look to be argued good enough: neither differential diagnosis, nor distinguishing key were proposed. Recently two species of that system were moved to Stictoleptura (S. scutellata and S. tesserula) by G. Sama (2002), and Melanoleptura and Batesiata were regarded as synonyms of Stictoleptura. Now, until new arguments are published, I prefer to accept both Sama's synonyms and regard Stictoleptura = Paracorymbia, as well as Stictoleptura = Cribroleptura. The current provisional position with big genus Stictoleptura was supported by P.Svacha on the base of larval characters (personal communication, 2004): "So possibly a broad undivided Stictoleptura is the best solution for the moment, even if provisional." and "However, I would suggest to keep only rubra and dichroa = succedanea in Aredolpona". He also supposed that such a wide conception of Stictoleptura could be the reason to join it with Brachyleptura. The transform of Palaearctic Anoplodera rufiventris and A. baeckmanni to Nearctic genus Xestoleptura by A.Miroshnikov (1998), which was supposed before by Svacha (1989: 19), must be accepted. According to E.Vives (2000) Corymbia Gozis, 1886 is a junior homonym of Corymbia Walker, 1865 (described in Noctuidae, now in Notodontidae). The necessaty of the name change is evident as Corymbia Walker is not "nomen oblitum" according to the Article 23.9.1. of ICZN (1999) and was mentioned among valid names in "The Genera Names of Moths of the World." Vol.2. London. 1980: 44 (by Watson, A., Fletcher, D.C. and Nye, I.W.B. in Nye I.W.B.). #68 According to G.Sama (1995) Oplosia fennica (Paykull, 1800) was described as Lamia fennica (nec L., 1758), and must be replaced by Oplosia cinerea (Mulsant, 1839). #69 I. lusitanicum mimomucidum (see Vives, 2000, 2001) was regarded as a separate species (Serrano et al., 1997; Romero Samper, 2002). #70 Molorchus umbellatarum was recorded for Norway by J. Skartveit (1997). #71 Dorcadion (I.) vanhoegaerdeni Breun. was regarded as a synonym of I.(H.) heydeni (Vives, 1983, 2000) or as a species (Tome, 1997). #72 Glaphyra marmottani was recorded for Spain by E. Vives (1997). Glaphyra marmottani, Semanotus russicus and Acanthocinus reticulates were recorded as new for Bulgaria by D.Doychev and G. Georgiev (2004). #73 According to P. Berger (1997), Iberodorcadion fuliginator navarricum = I. fuliginator urgulli. #74 Aegomorphus (as Acanthoderes) krueperi was recorded for Bulgaria by Bringmann (1997). A. francottei was recorded for France by Allemand, Brustel and Clary (2002). #75 Strangalia attenuata was recorded for Spain by Perez M.I. et al. (1997). #76 Saperda similis was recorded for Estonia (Martin, 1991) and for Bulgaria (Georgiev and Samuelian, 2000). #77 Mesocerambyx Zahaikevitch, 1991 (nec Mesocerambyx Breun.et Hitzinger, 1943) must be replaced. Mesocermabyx together with Microcerambyx were regarded as synonyms of Cerambyx by E.Vives (2000) and G.Sama (2002). #78 Oberea linearis was recorded for Sardinia by C. Meloni (1987) #79 Stictoleptura cordigera was recorded for Czechia by J.Vavra (1996). #80 Phytoecia algerica was recorded for Spain (Vives, 1996). #81 Callidiellum rufipenne was recorded for Spain (Bahilo de la PUEBLA et ITURRONDOBEITIA BILBAO, 1995). #82 H.D. Bringmann (1995) recorded for Bulgaria Agapanthia lais, A. osmanlis, A. frivaldskyi. A. osmalis was recorded for Hungary by Kovacs (1997). #83 Agapanthia leucaspis was recorded for Austria (Bohme, 1994). #84 Glaphyra umbellatarum was recorded for Estonia (Milander, 1994). #85 Chlorophorus varius was introduced to Sweden (Warmling, Ahnlund, 1994). #86 Leioderes kollari was recorded for Switzerland (Scherler, 1993); for Spain (Lenchina et al., 2004). #87 Stenopterus mauritanicus was regarded (Bahillo de la Puebla, 1992) as a subspecies of S. rufus. #88 Tetrops starki was recorded for Great Britain (Harrison, 1992). #89 Cortodera flavimana was recorded for Slovakia ("Hohe Tatra") by G. Kremer (1992). #90 Chlorophorus figuratus was recorded for Sardinia (Meloni, 1992). #91 Asias halodendri was recorded for Albania (Muraj, 1960), Bulgaria (Angelov, 1995)and Uktraine (Zahaikevitch, 1991: 79, 146) as A. ephippium. Now I preliminary divided A. halodendri (described from Irtysh River in NE Kazakhstan and distributed from West Europe to Korea) into several subspecies. A. h. ephippium (described from Terek River in NE Caucasus) is distributed from W Europe to NW Kazakhstan. #92 According to Suda, Milander (1998): Pidonia lurida, Anastrangalia dubia, Monochamus sartor and Pogonocherus ovatus are absent in Estonia. The presence of Anoplodera rufipes, Pachytodes cerambyciformis, Cerambyx scopolii, Plagionotus arcuatus and Stenostola dubia is rather doubtful. Monochamus sartor was recorded for Latvia (Telnov et al., 2004). According to E.Vives (2000) Anoplodera rufipes (Schaller, 1783) was described as Leptura rufipes (not Goeze, 1777) and must be replaced to A. krueperi (Ganglbauer, 1882). The change can not be accepted according to the Article 23.9. of ICZN (1999). N.N. Plavilstshikov (1936) could not distinguish Anastrangalia dubia and A. reyi (=inexpectata), so his area of A. dubia (nearly whole territory of European Russia) is wrong. A. dubia is definitely distributed in West Ukraine and in Latvia (its presence in Lithuania or in European part of Russia is not proved yet), as well as in Caucasus with Ciscaucasia. It is absent in St.-Petersburg region (Filimonov, Udalov, 2002) and most probably absent in Belorussiya (it was recorded only for Polish part of Belovezha forest by O. Aleksandrovitch et al., 1996). In Caucasus and Turkey the species is represented by local subspecies A. dubia distincta (accepted by G.Sama, 2002) A. reyi is definitely known for the whole north half of the European part of the former USSR, including whole Belorussiya and Moscow Region. I've got some specimens from Miass (in south Urals) and collected it personally near Juriuzan (in Cheliabinsk Region). #93 Xylosteus caucasicola was recorded for European Turkey and Cortodera umbripennis for Bulgaria (Sama, Rapuzzi, 1999). I prefer now to regard C. umbripennis as a subspecies of C. alpina (described from Daghestan). It is very probable, that the record of C. umbripennis for Bulgaria was connected with very close Cortodera khatchikovi Danilevsky, 2001. All known Xylosteus taxa are definitely vicariant, and all could be regarded as subspecies. According to G.Sama and P.Rapuzzi (1999), the position of A.Miroshnikov (1998) to regard X.caucasicola as a very distinct species was connected with the fact, that true X. spinolae (from Roumania) was unknown to A.Miroshnikov, who compared Caucasian X. caucasicola with western populations of X. spinoplae (X.s.rufiventris?), while X. s. spinolae is much closer to X. caucasicola. In order to maintain these relations G.Sama and P.Rapuzzi (1999) identified Xylosteus from European Turkey (as well as Xylosteus from Bolu) as X. spinolae caucasicola. After a description of Bolu Xylosteus as X. kadleci Miroshnikov, 2000 (the author also supposed the subspecies rank of his taxon) it became impossible to leave the name "caucasicola" for the population from European Turkey. Untill a new name for that population is established I regard it as X. spinolae. #94 According to G.Sama (1999b, 2002): Chlorophorus glabromaculatus is a distinct species (absent in Austria). Trichoferus holosericeus (Rossi, 1790) = T. cinereus (Villers, 1789), described as Cerambyx, not Cerambyx cinereus De Geer, 1775. Ropalopus varini Bedel, 1870 = Ropalopus spinicornis (Abeille, 1869), described as Callidium, not Callidium spinicorne Olivier, 1795. Chlorophorus pilosus and Morimus asper ganglbaueri are firstly recorded for Italy. Saperda perforata is confirmed for Italy. #95 According to personal comunication by D. Telnov (November 2000), Cyrtoclytus capra was found in Latvia. #96 It is necessary to accept the old point of view (Karpinsky, 1948) - Alosterna ingrica is a separate species. #97 Psilotarsus brachypterus hemipterus was recorded for Orenburg (Russia) by Danilevsky (2000). #98 Pseudosphegesthes cinerea, Isotomus speciosus and Phytoecia scutellata were listed for Germany by Köhler and Klauznitzer (1998). Isotomus speciosus was recorded for Switzerland and France (as well as for Germany) by Allenspach (1973), but according to Sama (2002), it is absent in all three countries. I. speciosus was recorded for Slovenia (Vrezec, 2004). #99 According to Vives (2000), Macrotoma Serv.,1832-June is a junitor homonym of Macrotoma Laporte,1832-April (Diptera). The necessaty of the name change must be checked in agree with Article 23.9.1. of ICZN (1999). But even if it must be changed, the necessity of new tribal name (Prinobiini Vives, 2000) is doubtful. Severa other names can be used: Mallodonitae Thomson, 1860; Stenodontines Lameere, 1902. #100 According to Vives (2000), Macrotoma germari Dejean, 1835 is a valid name. #101 Meroscelisitae J.Thomson, 1860 (after Monne et Giesbert, 1993) #102 According to Vives (2000) the correct names of the subfamily and tribe are respectively Spondylidinae and Spondylidini. According to P.Svacha (personal communication of 2002): "the first to realize that Spondylidinae is the correct spelling (and, moreover, Spondylinae is a homonym) was probably Silfverberg in the 1992 edition of Enumeratio Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae and Daniae, and that info was introduced to broad coleopterist attention by Lawrence and Newton in the overview of beetle families and subfamilies published 1995 in the memorial volume to Crowson's 80th birthday." #103 The presence of Phoracantha recurva in Spain was recorded by Luiz et Barranco (1998). #104 According to E.Vives (2000) Penichroa fasciata (desribed as Callidium fasciatum Stephens, 1931, not Herbst, 1784, not Billberg, 1817) must be replaced with P. timida (Menetries, 1831). The necessaty of the name change must be checked in agree with Articles 23.9.1. and 23.9.5 of ICZN (1999). #105 Hesperophanes, Deroplia, Anaesthetis, Stenostola and Exocentrus are attributed by E.Vives (2000) to Dejean, 1835, as well as Purpuricenus globulicollis to Dejean, 1839; Stenocorus to Geoffroy, 1762; Vesperus, Purpuricenus and Parmena to Dejean, 1821; Opsilia to Mulsant, 1862; O. malachitica to Mulsant, 1846; Phytoecia erythrocnema to Lucas, 1846; Oberea to Mulsant, 1835. According to P. Téocchi (2003), the name Deroplia Dejean, 1835 is not available, because among two names placed by Dejean in Deroplia both were not available: marginicollis Dahl - nomen nudum and genei Chevrolat (not Aragona, 1830) also could be regarded as nomen nudum, as Chevrolat did not described such name). The attribution of his genei to Chevrolat was repeated by Dejean in his next edition (1937), so it was not lapsus calami. The valid name of the genus is Stenidea Mulsant, 1843. #106 Tetropium fuscum was recorded for Spain (Sanchez, Tolosa, 1999) based on wrong determination of Asemum tenuicorne (Vives, 2000). #107 E.Vives (2000) paid attention to the female gender of Calchaenesthes. #108 E.Vives (2000) proposed for Ropalopus clavipes (F., 1775) the oldest name R. nigroplanus (Degeer, 1775); for Grammoptera ruficornis (F.,1781) - G. atra (F., 1775). The changes can not be accepted according to the Article 23.9. of ICZN (1999). #109. I. (H.) mosqueruelense var. pseudomolitor is regarded as a species (Gonzalez et al., 2000; 2001). #110 According to E.Vives (2000) Paraphymatodes fasciatus (described as Cerambyx fasciatus Villers, 1789, not Scopoli, 1763, not Degeer, 1775, not F., 1775, not Geoffroy, 1785, not Villers, 1789) must be replaced with P. unifasciatus (Rossi, 1790). The necessaty of the name change must be checked in agree with Article 23.9.1. of ICZN (1999) #111 The name "Plagionotus marcorum" was used instead of Plagionotus marcae ("An incorrect original spelling" according to the Art. 32d (ICZN, 1985) by J.I. López-Colón (1998) #112 Two genera Rhagium and Rhamnusium were separated by E.Vives (2000) in a small tribe Rhagiini, while other genera (including Oxymirus) are grouped in tribe "Toxotini", though the name Toxotus is a synonym of Stenocorus. #113 According to A.Miroshnikov (1998: 596) the correct name of African subspecies of Stictoleptura scutellata is S. s. melas (Lucas, 1849), but not generally accepted (Aurivillius, 1912; Winkler, 1929; Villiers, 1946; Sama, 1988; Vives, 1994; Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997) - melaena (Lucas, 1849). E.Vives (2000) accepted S.s.melas, but another dated: Lucas, 1846 (?), as well as G.Sama (2002), who stated on the absence of Stictoleptura s. melas in Spain. #114 According to A.Villiers (1978) - Leptura otini Peyerimhoff, 1945; according to E.Vives (2000) - Leptura otini Peyerimhoff, 1949. #115 Judolia sexmaculata was recorded for Andorra (Vives, 1984) and as probable for other Pyrenees localities (Vives, 2000). #116 Following E.Vives (2000) I accept the spelling Stenurella approximans; before it was spelled "aproximans" (Vives, 1984; Bense, 1995). #117 Vesperus bolivari Oliveira, 1893 (Vives, 2000) was previously attributed to Paulino, 1893 (Vives, 1984) - evidently same author. #118 According to E.Vives (2000) Carinatodorcadion is a junior synonym of Dorcadodium. #119 According to E.Vives (2000) Iberodorcadion fuliginator meridionale = I. f. navarricum. A.Villiers (1978) regarded both as different. #120 According to E.Vives (2000) Iberodorcadion fuliginator meridionale = I. loarrense Berger, 1997. According to J. Romero Samper (2002), it is a species. Until my own opinion will be formed I've placed this name among subspecies of I.fuliginator. #121 According to E.Vives (2000), Iberodorcadion seoanei kricheldorffi = I. lainzgalloi Rodrigues-Gracia, 1996. Until my own opinion will be formed I've placed this name among subspecies of I. seoanei. #122 According to E.Vives (2000), the status of D. (Iberodorcadion) ceballosi Breuning, 1948 is "incertae sedis". Before (Vives, 1984) it was regarded as a synonym of I. iserni. #123 According to E. Vives (2000), I. coelloi is a subspecies of I. mucidum; according to Romero Samper (2002) - species. #124 According to E. Vives (2000), I. nigrosparsum Verdugo, 1993 (the name was introduced by M.Pic 1941 as a variation) is a synonym of I. mucidum annulicorne. According to Romero Samper (2002)and Verdugo (2003) - species. #125 A new synonym - Iberodorcadion seguntianum = Dorcadion (I.) ruspolii Breuning, 1974 was independently proposed by two authors: M.Tomé (1999) and then E.Vives (2000) and accepted by Romero Samper (2002). Until my own opinion will be formed I regard it as a subspecies of I. seguntianum. #126 A separate (according to M.Tomé, 1999, that was accepted by Vives, 2000) species Iberodorcadion (H.) becerrae was previously (Vives, 1983, 1984) regarded as a subspecies of I. seguntianum. #127 According to M.Tome (1999), Dorcadion (Iberodorcadion) becerrae pulvipenne morph. parterreductum Breuning 1976 is a synonym of Iberodorcadion (H.) seguntianum. Dorcadion (Iberodorcadion) turdetanum morph. superdenudatum; Breuning 1967 is a synonym of Iberodorcadion (Hispanodorcadion) seguntianum. Both names (partereductum and superdenudatum) were missed by E. Vives (2000). #128 According to E.Vives (2000, 2001), Iberodorcadion (H.) marinae is a subspecies of I. albicans, according to Romero Samper (2002) - species. According to E.Vives (2000) I. ghiliani includes three subspecies: nominative, I. gh. ortunoi and I. gh. cercedillanum; I. perezi and I. hispanicum (with two subspecies: nominative and I.h.nudipenne) are species. According to Vives (2001), I. p. ghilini is a subspecies of I. perezi, as well as I.p. hispanicum and I. p. ortunoi; the names "cercedillanum" and "nudipenne" were omitted. The name "cercedillanum" was not used by J. Romero Samper (2002), but "nudipenne" was regarded as a variation (without subspecies attribution?). #129 According to E.Vives (2000), Parmena pubescens breuningi Vives, 1979 is a subspecies of P. solieri. According to A. Vives (2001) it is a species. #130 E.Vives (2000) accepted the original spelling Aplocnemia Stephens, 1831, which was changed in right form Aphelocnemia in the erratum to the original publication (according to Villiers, 1978, in 1831: 414; according to Vives, 2000, in 1832: 406 #131 According to E.Vives (2000), Aegomorphus clavipes (Schrank, 1781) was described as Cerambyx (not Forster, 1771) and must be replaced to A. varius (F., 1787). The change can not be accepted according to the Article 23.9. of ICZN (1999). #132 According to E.Vives, the date of Pityphilus Mulsant is 1862. #133 According to E.Vives, Pogonocherus ovatus Goeze, 1777 was described as Cerambyx (not Sulzer, 1776) and must be replaced by Pogonocherus ovalis (Gmelin, 1790). The change can not be accepted according to the Article 23.9. of ICZN (1999) #134 According to E.Vives, the date of Pogonocherus caroli Mulsant is 1862. #135 The tribe Rhodopinini seems to be composed of only one genus Rhodopina close to Lamiini. According to Linsley et Chemsak (1985), the tribe Desmiphorini (the name accepted by Vives, 2000), is very special and limited by American species. Other genera usually included in tribe Apodasyini are also not relatives. #136 E.Vives (2000) regards Cerambyx carcharias L., 1758 as type species of Saperda (Westwood designation, 1840), while in fact it is Cerambyx scalaris L., 1758 (Curtis designation, 1829). So, Anaerea is not a synonym of Saperda. I prefer now to regard Saperda s.l. consisting of several subgenera including Lopezcolonia (replacing name for Argalia Mulsant, 1862 not Gray, 1846). Lopezcolonia was regarded as a genus (Vives, 2000), or (Vives, 2001) as a subgenus of Saperda. #137 Asemum tenuicorne was recorded for Spain by E.Vives (2000b). #138 According to G.Sama (1999c), Dorcadion olympicum=D.obsoletum. According to S.Steiner (2003), D. obsoletum is a species. #139 Chlorophorus trifasciatus was recorded for Sardinia by Meloni (1999); for Austria by Bense (1995); according to G.Sama (2002) absent in Austria. #140 Arhopalus syriacus, Oxypleurus nodieri and Pyrrhidium sanguineum were reported for sardinia by B.Colonna B.(1999). #141 Acmaeops marginatus, Akimerus schaefferi, Stictoleptura erythroptera, Obrium brunneum, Tetropium castaneum were recorded for Greece by P.Berger (2000). According to G.Sama (2002), Stictoleptura erythroptera absent in Italy, as well as S. trisignata. Acmaeops marginatus was recorded for South Russia (Rostov region: Oblivskaia, Donleskhoz) by D.Kasatkin and Ju.Arzanov (1997). #142 Rhagium inquisitor was recorded for Sicily by C. Baviera (1999), for Crimea by Bartenev (1989) and for Ireland (with question mark) by M.Rejzek (2004). I regard three more species (Rh. bifasciatum, mordax and sycophanta) as very possible for Crimea. Rh. sycophanta was wrongly recorded for Great Britain and Ireland by Althoff and Danilevsky, 1997. Rh. sycophanta was recorded for Sicily (Baviera, Sparacio, 2004). #143 Callidium aeneum was recorded for Netherlands by J.G.M. Cuppen (1999). #144 Nathrius berlandi was recorded for Spain by M.Slama et A. Simon Sorli (2001). #145 According to Hernandez (2000) and Romero Samper (2002), I. perezi includes ssp. ghiliani, ssp. ortunoi and ssp. hispanicum. #146 According to E.Vives (2001), Parmena cruciata Pic, 1912 is a species, which was wrongly identified in Spain before (Vives, 2000) as P. pubescens algirica; the latter taxon absent in Spain. Earlier (Vives, 2000)P. cruciata was regarded as a synonym of P. pubescens s.str. #147 Saperda perforata was recorded for Spain by Sanchez (2000) as a member of subgenus Lopezcolonia. #148 According to A.Verdugo (2001), I. mus (Ros., 1856) = I. grisescens (Esc., 1900) = I. andalusiacum (Br., 1962). According to A. del Saz Fucho (2004), I. andalusiacum is a species (?), I. isernii = I. ceballosi, I. abulense = I. puncticolle, I. spinolae = I. basigranosum. #149 Xylotrechus antilope var. sekerai Podany, 1970 was described from Petrovac (Sutamore), Jugoslavie. The name is infrasubspecific according to the Article 45.6.3 of ICZN (1999) as "varietas" described after 1960. Paulian (1986) regarded "sekerai" as a subspecies distributed in Corsica. This case is not connected with the Article 22.214.171.124, because that Article concerns only names, which are infrasubspecific by the Article 45.6.4. So the author of the subspecies X. a. ssp. sekerai is Paulian, 1986, and type locality of it is Corsica. X. antilope ab. lentoi Paulian, 1979 (described from Corsica) is also infrasubspecific name. But in 1986 Paulian established new synonymy: X. antilope sekerai = X. antilope lentoi, that made the name "lentoi" valid. So now: X. antiliope ssp. sekerai Paulian, 1986 = X.a.lentoi Paulian, 1986. A.Paulian (1986) recorded for Corsica: A. gibbosus and Parmena balteus. According to G.Sama (personal communication, 2003), Parmena bulteus is impossible for Corsica. #150 According to Kovacs and Hegyessy (1997): Cortodera holosericea was collected on Centaurea triumfettii (imagoes and larvae); Agapanthya maculicornis was collected on Campanula glomerata; Xylotrechus pantherinus was regarded as Rusticoclytus. #151 According to Ziarko (1993), the records of Stictoleptura fulva and Molorchus kiesenwetteri (and some other species) for Poland were based on wrong identifications of other species. S. fulva absent in Poland, the occurrence of M.kiesenwetteri is rather doubtful. #152 The system of Cortodera species close to C. reitteri and C. ruthena was revised by Danilevsky (2001ab). #153 The date of Dorcadion glicyrrhizae (Pallas), published as Cerambyx in "Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs, T.2", is 1773, as it was shown in the references to the article by Danilevsky (2001a), but not 1771, as it was wrongly mentioned in the title of the article and in its text (pp. 1-4). The mistake was left in the paper after first version of my text based on Breuning (1961) data. The original spelling "glicyrrhizae" restored by me (Danilevsky,1999), must be forgotten according to the Article 126.96.36.199. of the ICZN (1999). The general accepted spelling "glycyrrhizae" must be used. The occurrence of D. glycyrrhizae glycyrrhizae in Russia is rather doubtful. From Volgograd environs to Kazakhstan border and northwards to Saratov Region D. g. striatum is distributed (so Plavilstshikov's data for Saratov and Orenburg Regions were sure wrong). D. g. glycyrrhizae can occur only in Astrakhan Region in sands eastwards Volga. The type locality of D. g. striatum is "South Urals". In fact several rather different populations of D. glycyrrhizae (includindg D.g.dubianskii) are known from South Urals. I accepted as typical the population from the southmost point of Orenburg Region from the valley of Shybyndy River (15 males and 4 females: Sol-Iletsk District, 25km southwards Pokrovka, 24-27.5.2002, L.Korzhikov leg.). It consists of rather big specimens with totally red tibiae, femora and several basal antennal joints; frons is also usually red; female androchromal. Such specimens are very close to D.g. striatum from Saratov and Volgograd Regions (with neihbour localities in Kazakhstan: Dzhanybek env.). I preliminary attribute to D. g. striatum several populations of small beetles from middle part of Ural River Valley (right European bank) in Kazakhstan (eastwards Ural-city in Bykovka River Valley and Ianvartzevo env.) and near Kalinovka (about 120km westwards Aktiubinsk). #154 The iterpretation of two species of European Stenostola is different in different publications. According to Bily and Mehl (1989), the species with more developed metallic lustre and rough elytral punctationis is S. ferrea ("Body black with slight metallic lustre. Elytra with coarse punctuation." Villiers (1978)accepted same position: "Corp d'un noir ardoisé, a net reflet métallique." But for Bense (1995) S. ferrea: "Elytra macroscopically without a blue metallic shine; :", and S. dubia: "Elytra macroscopically with a distinct blue shine; :". This position was accepted by Heyrovsky (1955), Plavistshikov (1965) and many other authors incuding Danilevsky and Miroshnikov (1985 - so S. ferrea maculipennis Holz. belongs to European species with less metallic lustre, finer punctuation and denser pubescence). That is why all faunistical records of two species are doubtful. According to Plavilstshikov (1965) Stenostola in the European part of the USSR was distributed southwards from the south of forest areas. According to Bense (1995), Stenostola ferrea is distributed in Bultic Republics; according to Alexandrovitch et al. (1996) Stenostola presents in Belarus. I've got two males of S. dubia (sensu Bense) from Vladimir Region (Kol'tchugino Distr., Zhuravlikha, on Salix caprea, 9.5.2001, Svetlov leg.). According to U.Bense (1995), only Stenostola ferrea is distributed in Great Britain; according to M.Rejzek (2004) - only Stenostla dubia. According to T. Clayhills (2002), all specimens of Stenostola from Finland have been considered to belong to S. ferrea. However, it seems obvious that this is due to former misidentifications and the species occurring in Finland is S. dubia. The differences between the two taxa are discussed, though their status as separate species seems somewhat dubious. #155 According to Kusama and Takakuwa (1984), Xylotrechus = Xyloclytus = Rusticoclytus. #156 Brachypteroma ottomanun was recorded for Switzerland by Ch. Germann (2000). #157 According to J.Sudre (2000): Phytoecia (Pilemia) hirsutula (Froelich 1793) = Oxylia androsensis Breuning, 1963 = Phytoecia (Blepisanis) ciliciae Breuning, 1951 = Phytoecia (Rubrophytoecia) moreana Breuning, 1943; Phytoecia malachitica (Lucas 1849) = Phytoecia hispanica Breuning 1951 #158 According to D.Kasatkin (personal communications, 2000-2002), in Rostov Region (South Russia)Cortodera pumila was collected near Krasnyi Sulin and Phytoecia (H.) millefollii was collected near Persianovka (1.05.2001 D.Gapon leg.). #159 The description of D. litigiosum otshakovi Suv., 1913 from near Kherson, was connected with local D. pusillum. Possibly all records of D. litigiosum for Moldavia and Ukraine were connected with very numerous in the region D. pusillum. #160 Cornumutilla quadrivittata was recorded for Moravia (Czechia) both by Heyrovsky (1955) and Slama (1998). #161 Leiopus femoratus was recorded for Rostov Region of Russia (Kasatkin, Arzanov, 1997), for Italy (Rapuzzi, 2002), for France (Berger, 1999). #162 The spelling "sieversi" was used in the original description. Breuning(1975) used wrong spelling: "siewersi". The species was recorded for Crimea by Zahaikevitch (1991: 153). #163 The traditional (Aurivillius, 1912; Plavilstshikov, 1940; Heyrovsky, 1967; Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997) combination Paraclytus luteofasciatus (because of small elytral tubercles) seems to be not good enough. The species looks to be more close to Anaglyptus (Bense, 1995). #164 The generic differences between Megopis and Aegosoma is generally accepted (Villiers, 1978; Sama, 1988). #165 Enoploderes sanguineum was recorded for Rostov Region of Russia by A.Miroshnikov (2000). Pyrenoploderes Hayashi, 1960 was regarded as a subgenus of Enoploderes. #166 The published type locality of Certallum ebulinum is France. But the species description was based on black-pronotum specimen. Such specimens are known from Spain as very rare and seem to be possible in France (Villiers, 1978: "Seule la morpha ruficolle SEMBLE se rencontrer en France, :"). Such situation caused the supposition of wrong definition of type locality by Linnaeus (Villier, 1978; Sama, 1988). G.Sama (1988: 83) supposed the real locality of type specimen in North Africa and accepted Certallum ebulinum ssp. ruficolle (described from Italy) distributed from Iberian Peninsula to Caucasus and Iran. But I do not see the base for such supposition. The type specimen could really be collected in Europe and then C. ebulinum = C. ruficolle. #167 Kasatkin (1999) recorded for Crimea: Dorcadion pedestre (Mt. Chatyr-Dag) and Semanotus russicus (Ialta). Semanotus russicus was also mentioned by Zahaikevitch (1991: 70). #168 Cerambyx hieroglyphicus Pallas, 1773 was described from "Siberia". The taxon was accepted as easten subspecies by Breuning (1952: 177) and Gressitt (1951: 554). It is characterized by constantly blue colour of pale pubescence. It is agree with my specimens from Tuva and Russian Primorie Region. The subspecies was recorded for "Lappland" by Breuning (1952), so can be distributed in North of the European part of Russia, as well as in Norway, Sweden and Finland; and for "Nordeuropa" by Heyrovsky (1973). #169 Ph. pustulata from Kazakhstan and from SE Russia is sometimes without red pronotal spot, and body is covered with very long dense white pubescence. Such specimens (m. pulla) from Kazakhstnan and Uzbekistan (Karatau Ridge, Chatkal Ridge, Chu-Ili Mts and eastwards to Semipalatinsk) were described as Ph. kryzhanovskii and must be regarded as Ph. p. ssp. pulla. The subspecies was accepted by Heyrovsky (1958) for Astrakhan env. In my collection Ph.p.pulla is represented by a syntype (male) from Karatau, male from Dzhungarsky Alatau, male from Sary-Chelek (Kirgizia) and a male from Chechnia (Caucasus). Some Kazakhstan and Kirgizian populations can not be attributed to Ph.p.pulla, being rather typical Ph.p.pustulata (Bishkek env., Kalbinsky Ridge). #170 According to A.Miroshnikov (personal communication of 2003), Brullé (1832: 258) introduced: "Lamia (Morinus Serv. ined.) lugubris Fabr." and "Lamia (Morinus Serv. ined.) funesta Fabr.", but in same publication in "Errata": "Morinus, lisez Morimus". So the name Morimus Brullé, 1832 must be used and proposal of G.Sama (1991: 126): "Morinus Brullé, 1832 = Morimus Serville, 1835" can not be accepterd. #171 A.Miroshnikov (1998: 392), affirmed, that E. Reitter's "Fauna Germanica. Die Käfer des Deutschen Reiches. 64. Familie: Cerambycidae" was published in 1913 (and not in 1912 as it is generally accepted). So, according to his personal communication (2003), several names must be dated 1913: Xylosteina [Xylosteini] Reitter, 1913: 5. Megarhagium Reitter, 1913: 6 [Rhagium subgen.]. Lepturobosca Reitter, 1913: 17. Lepturalia Reitter, 1913: 20. Callidostola Reitter, 1913: 37 [Callidium subgen.]. Phymatoderus Reitter, 1913: 39 [Phymatodes subgen. Phymatodes (Poecilium) alnoides Reitter, 1913: 40 [Ph.(P.) alni ssp.]. Phymatodellus Reitter, 1913: 40 [Phymatodes subgen.]. Hesperandrius Reitter, 1913: 44-45 (syn. pro Trichoferus Wollaston, 1854). Xyloclytus Reitter, 1913: 46 [Xylotrechus subgen.]. Pseudosphegesthes Reitter, 1912: 50. #172 According to A.Miroshnikov (personal communication, 2003), Ganglbauer's "Bestimmungs-Tabellen der europäischen Coleopteren. VII. Cerambycidae" and "Bestimmungs-Tabellen der europäischen Coleopteren. VIII. Cerambycidae" were first published in "Verhandlungen der k. k. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien", 1881 (Bd. XXXI, S. 681- 757, Taf. XXII) and 1883 (Bd. XXXIII, S. 437-586). Then same works were published as separata in 1882 [S. 3(681)- 79(757), Taf. XXII] and 1884 [S. 3(437)-152(586)] that caused a big confusion in subsequent citations. Here are several important names from original publications by Ganglbauer (1881, 1883): Ganglbauer, 1881: Cyrtoclytus: 688, 736. Cortodera pumila: 710. Icosium tomentosum atticum: 743. Ropalopus lederi: 747. Ganglbauer, 1883: Neodorcadion: 437, 508. Dorcadion hybridum: 441. D. corcyricum: 453. D. krueperi: 453. D. oertzeni (syn. pro D. parnassi Kraatz): 454. D. litigiosum: 454. D. granigerum: 458. D. transsilvanicum: 462. D. korbi: 469. D. funestum: 501. Pogonocherus plasoni: 526. Exocentrus stierlini: 530. Leiopus pachymerus (syn pro L. femoratus Fairmaire): 532. Agapanthia lateralis: 541. A. dahli sicula: 541. A. lederi: 542. A. intermedia: 543. A. daurica: 544. A. frivaldszkyi: 546. Phytoecia bithynensis: 573. Ph. affinis tuerki: 575. #173 According to Miroshnikov (personal communication, 2003) the original description of Exocentrus stierlini was published two times in 1883: "Verhandlungen der k. k. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien",Bd. XXXIII: 530 and in "Wiener Entomologische Zeitung", II. Helf. 12. S. 298-299. Taf. IV, Fig. 3. According to "Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien" the type locality is "Deutschland, Oesterreich", according to "Wien. Entom. Ztg." -the type locality is "Europa media". #174 According to A.Miroshnikov (personal communication of 2003), the original spelling is Phytoecia bithynensis. It can not be accepted, as "bithyniensis" is "in prevailing usage" according to the Article 33.33.1 of ICZN. #175 According to A.Miroshnikov (personal communication of 2003), the separata of Jakowleff's article "Nouvelles espèces du genre Dorcadion Dalm." from "Horae Soc. Ent. Ross."(t. XXXIV, p. 59-70) were distributed in May 1899. So, Jakowleff (1899) is the author of: Dorcadion ciscaucasicum: 1(59). #176 The record of Ph. (Cardoria) scutellata for Ukraine (Zahaikevitch,1991: 151) was missed in our list (Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997), as well as the record of Oxylia argentata for Crimea (Bartenev, 1989). #177 The introduction (followed with morphological description) of the name "Phytoecia subannulipes" by Pic, 1910 ("Cette espèce décrite de Syrie:") was undoubtedly a wrong spelling of Ph. subannularis Pic, 1901, which was really "décrite de Syrie". It was repeated in form "Phytoecia subannulipes" once more (Pic, 1911: 9). But later M.Pic (1915) declared that Ph. subannulipes is a Roumanien variation of Ph. subannularis. Then Breuning (1951: 375) accepted the name Ph. subannularis m. subannulipes as "Variété insignifiante", without special area, but with a differencial diagnosis. The species was not included in Roumanien fauna by Panin and Savulescu (1961). Then Breuning (1966: 753) recorded Ph. annularis for Turkey and mentioned "m. subannulipes" for Roumania. Recently Althoff and Danilevsky (1997) accepted Ph. annularis ssp. annulipes for Roumania. According to G.Sama (personal communication, 2003), the records of the taxon for Roumania had to be connected with Ph. icterica. #178 According to G. Sama (personal communication, 2003): "All species of Lucas 1849 (Expl. scient. Algerie) must be dated 1846. The book was really dated 1849, but all the part dealing with Coleoptera was in fact printed and distributed in 1846 (Horn & Schenkling, index Literaturae Entomologicae)". #179. According to G.Sama (personal communication, 2003), the records of Parmena balteus and Axinopalpis gracilis (that one was connected with wrong data by Demelt, 1969, who made for Corsica one more wrong record - Lampropterus femoratus) for Corsica by Bense (1995) were wrong, as well as the data of Cerambyx nodulosus for Spain. The doubts with Demelt's data were published by G.Sama (1988: 74). Demelt's data on L. femoratus for Corsica were accepted by Villiers (1978: 292), but not accepted by Bense (1995). According to G.Sama (2002), the author of Axinopalpis is Dejean (1835); before (Sama, 1988) - Axinopalpis Duponchel et Chevrolat, 1842. #180. As it was written to me by G.Sama (personal communication, 2003): "Semenov (1914) introduced Asias a new name replacing Anoplistes Serville, 1833 not Westwood, 1831 (Diptera). I was able to consult Neave (Nomenclator Zoologicus, 1939, 1: 216); according to it, Anoplistes was described by Westwood only in 1835 (Anoplistes Westwood, 1835, London & Edinb., Phil. Mag., 3(6) (34): 280). This is confirmed by Horn & Schenkling, 1929 (Index Litteraturae Entomologicae, series 1, band 4: 1312) where any Westwood's paper dealing with Diptera is listed in 1831, while is confirmed for 1835 the description of "Insectorum novorum exoticorum". Phillos. Mag. (3), 6: 280-281" So, the name Anoplistes Serville, 1833 is valid. #181. The occurrence of Dorcadion politum in European Russia was supposed by me (Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997) on the base of a single male with a label: "Orenburg, 30.4.1963". Now the occurrence of D. politum in Orenburg Region is proven by a series from the Asian part of Orenburg Region (5 males: Sol-Iletsk District, 25km southwards Pokrovka, 24-27.5.2002, L.Korzhikov leg.). My supposition of the species for European part of Kazakhstan was evidently wrong. #182. Callimus angulatus was recorded for Ukraine by Zahaikevitch (1991: 85). #183. Ropalopus femoratus was recorded for Central Russia by Althoff and Danilevsky (1997) without any comments. The species was recorded for SW of USSR by Plavilstshikov (1965) and was mentioned by Zahaikevitch (1991). #184. I've got two specimens of Phytoecia uncinata from Moldavia. According to G.Sama (2002), absent in Italy. #185. Dorcadion pusillum tanaiticum was described from South Russia (Rostov-on-Don environs)by D.Kasatkin (2002). The author also proposed to regard D. p. var. berladense Pic, 1903 described from Romania as a local subspecies. #186. Xylotrechus stebbingi was recorded for Greek mainland (Teunissen, 2002). #187. Monochamus g. galloprovincillis was recorded for Sicily (Bellavista, 2001). #188. I do not know the description of D. meteorum Breun. May be it was never published? If so we have to accept the description of "allotype" and D. meteorum m. leucosuturale Breun., 1969 (Boll.Ent.Ass.Rom., 24,1969: 42, from Kalabaka, reg. Meteores), as the original description of the species. #189. Neoclytus acuminatus was recorded for Hungary (Szeoke and Hegyi,2002). #190. Stromatium unicolor was introduced in Germany (Weigel, 1999) and possibly in Latvia - it was recorded (Telnov et al., 2004) from near Jurmala (45km from Riga). #191. Xylotrechus pantherinus was recorded for France (Peru and Leblanccal, 2000) #192. Calamobius filum was recorded for Belgium (Rouard, 2001). Now I do not remember my reasons to mention the species for Poland (Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997). I've excluded Poland from the area of C.filum, until I find the corresponding note. #193. D. (Maculatodorcadion) "jansensi Heyr." was recorded for Greece by C.Pesarini and Sabbadini (1994: 119). If it is D. (M.) janssensi Breuning, 1966, which was described after one male from "Anatolie, Nord-East,Tatos Daghlari, 2000 m, 20-V-1965, leg E. Janssens" then it looks impossible for Greece. I do not know any reliable record for Europe. #194. According to Vives (2000, 2001), I. ferdinandi is I.(Baeticodorcadion), but according to Romero Samper (2002), it is I.(Hispanodorcadion). #195. A.Villiers (1978) treated Iberodorcadion (= Baeticodorcadion = Hispanodorcadion) as a subgenus of Dorcadion. Such position was recently supported by M.Tomé (2002). #196. According to A.Verdugo (2003), I. mucidum = I. annulicorne. #197.According to G.Sama (2002): Prinobius myardi = P. proksi Cortodera holosericea = Cortodera velutina; the species supposed for North Greece. Cortodera villosa = ? Cortodera nigrita Stictoleptura Casey, 1924 = Corymbia = Melanoleptura = Batesiata. Oxypleurus nodieri = O. pinicola (Canary Islans) Callidium = Callidostola = Palaeocallidium Poecilium = Phymatoderus = Phymatodellus = Paraphymatodes Plagionotus = Echinocerus Dorcadion pedestre = Dorcadion kaszabi Mesosa = Aphelocnemia Pogonocherus = Eupogonocherus = Pityphilus Saperda = Anaerea = Compsidia = Argalia = Lopezcolonia Ph. (O.) molybdaena = Ph. (O.) longitarsis #198. G.Sama (2002) supposed Leptura saucia, described from Crimea, (he evidently did not see the type) to be a synonym of Vadonia bipunctata mulsantiana. In the case of the real synonymy the name "saucia" is not valid because the name "mulsantiana" is in "prevailing usage" according to the Art. 23.9.1 (ICZN, 1999). #199. According to G. Sama (2002): Agapanthia cardui = A. pannonica, as he supposed, that the type of A.cardui belongs to the "northern phenotype", while the oldest name for the "southern phenoptype" must be A. suturalis (Fabricius, 1787). G. Sama (2002) did not recognized the taxonomic status of these two "phenotypes". According to him both occur in the type locality of A. cardui (Montpellier in South France). As far as we accept this fact, two "phenotypes" can represent two different species, or (much more probable in my opinion) just two different morphological forms corresponding with two different subspecies (northern and southern) and distributed near Montpellier (together with all intermediate forms) as it is a transitional zone between two subspecies. I do not know the situation in South France, but in Caucasus two taxa are really connected by a raw of transitional forms and so are real subspecies. So, as far as population from near Montpellier is a transitional between two subspecies, I propose to regard it conditionally as northern subspecies in order to save A. pannonica Krat. as a valid name and maintain the stability of nomenclature. So, two subspecies of A. cardui exist: northern - A. cardui cardui and southern - A. cardui pannonica. If anybody accept the position of G.Sama (2002): cardui=pannonica, then norther subspecies must be named A. cardui cardui and sothern subspecies - A. cardui suturalis (or both can be regarded as different species). Anyway after that publication (Sama, 2002) nobody can be sure which taxon is connected with the name A.cardui, if it is used without further comments. #200. According to private communication by M.Rejzek (15.10.2004): "Ergates faber was really described in 1761 and published in Fauna Svecia (not in Systema Naturae, ed. 12, as written by many authors such as Aurivillius in Catalogus coleopterorum, Plavilstshikov (1936) or Villiers (1978). If you have a look at Systema Naturae ed. 12: 622, you will see that Linnaeus himself refers to "Fn. Svec.". Bily & Mehl (Fauna Scandinavica) already wrote 1761." G.Sama (2002) accepted Ergates faber ssp. opifex (described from Africa) for Sicily and Calabria. #201. Carilia virginea (as Gaurotes), Cortodera aspromontana, Pidonia lurida, Parmena unifasciata, Pogonocherus hispidulus, Acanthocinus henschii, Saperda octopunctata were recorded for Greece; all records of C. humeralis for Greece were connected with C. aspromontana (Sama, 2002). #202. Grammoptera ruficornis ssp. flavipes seems to be accepted for Sicily by G.Sama (2002). #203. Paracorymbia oblongomaculata (as Stictoleptura) was regarded as possible for Corsica (Sama, 2002). #204. G.Sama (2002) supposed Stictoleptura simplonica to be a species, and another supposition: "Paracorymbia maculicornis ondreji : could be identical to P. simplonica or belong to it as a subspecies." A new combination: Pararacorymbia simplonica ondreji was published by Pesarini and Sabbadini (2004). #205 Clytus tropicus was recorded for Italy (Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997) on the base of general considerations. According to G.Sama (2002), Clytus tropicus absent in Italy. #206. According to S.Sama (2002), Carinatodorcadion must be regarded as a genus on the base of endophallus structure; Pedestredorcadion is also treated as a genus because it is "sufficiently different" from Dorcadion s.str. From the other hand, Neodorcadion, Iberodorcadion, Hispanodorcadion and Baeticodorcadion are declared so close to Pedestredorcadion (because of the structure of a membrane between labrum and clypeus), that do not merit even subgeneric level. The new synonymy was not proposed until "a complete revision". #207. According to G.Sama (2002), Dorcadion fulvum absent in Germany. The species was recorded for Easten Germany by Plavilstshikov (1958). Dorcadion aethiops absent in Italy, Germany, Switzerland and Poland. Still, it was recorded for Switzerland by Plavilstshikov (1958) and Allenspach (1973), for Poland by Burakowski et al. (1990), for Germany by Plavilstshikov (1958), for Italy by Bertolini (1899, after Sama, 1988). The the specis was recorded as possible for Greece by S.Steiner (2003). #208. According to G.Sama (2002): Agapanthiola is a genus; Agapanthia sicula is a species; A. sicula malmerendii was supposed for Spain. Agapanthiola was accepted as genus once more (as stat.n.) by C.Pesarini and A. Sabbadini (2004). #209. According to Sama (1988. 2002), Morimus funereus and M. verecundus are subspecies of M. asper. #210. On the base of indirect arguments (Svacha's opinion, that it can not be M. sartor, as it was proposed by Breuning, 1961, because M.sartor absent in the region) without type study G.Sama (2002) proposed to regard Monochamus rosenmuelleri = M. usussovi. According to Plavilstshikov (1958), M. sutor = M. rosenmuelleri, and M. sutor is very common in the region. Such name change of one of the most important forest and wood pest can not be regarded as necessary and may cose a greate harm to the international forest protection system and wood industry. #211. G.Sama (2002) supposed Caucasian Phytoecia icterica is not Ph. icterica, but "different closely related species". #212. Oberea pedemontana koniensis Breuning, 1960 was described from Turkey. #213. Oberea maculicollis was "apparently collected in France (Berger, pers. comm.)" (Sama, 2002). #214. The attribution of Tetrops to Kirby (1826) by many authors was wrong (see Vives, 2000). Tetrops Kirby, 1826 was described for Lamia tornator F., 1775 (= Cerambyx tetrophthalmus Forster, 1771) - now in Tetraopes. #215. Paraclytus sexguttatus was recorded for Bulgaria by Georgiev and Stojanova (2003), as well as Agapanthia cardui cardui (together with A.c.pannonica). #216. Cortodera kiesenwetteri subtruncata was originally described by M.Pic (1934: 19) as variation and so valuable, but not by N.N. Plavilstshikov (1936) as aberration, as it was wrongly declared by M.Danilevsky (2001b). So the author of the subspecies is M.Pic. #217. Alosterna bicoloripes Pic, 1914 was described from Rhodos on the base of a male with black femora ("les cuisses plus or moins noires"). The taxon was recorded for Turkey (Lodos, 1998), for "Ýstanbul" (Demelt, 1962) as a species, then for "Ýzmir/Efes" (Demelt, 1963), as A. tabacicolor ssp. bicoloripes. If the corresponding populations are really characterized by dark femora, then they must be regarded at least as a subspecies. So, until new data I can not accept the position of G.Sama (2002): A.tabacicolor = A. bicoloripes. A. bicoloripes was regarded as a species by C.Pesarini and A.Sabbadini (2004). #218. According to personal communication of I.K. Zahaikevitch (1982), he identified Vadonia bisignata from near Kishinev. Vadonia bisignata was also mentioned by I.K. Zahaikevitch (1991: 148). According to personal communication of J.Vorisek (1992), this statement is impossible, because V.bisignata is known only from Peloponnessos and Thessalonike. It could be V.moesiaca, known from Rumania. #219. "Clytus arietis gazella F." was recorded for Artvin (Turkey) by G.Sama (1982). According to personal communication by G.Sama (2004), the name was introduced by Fabricius for a colour form (black femurs) of Clytus arietis from "Kiliae = Kiel" and does not represent a separate taxon. #220. Dorcadion regulare was recorded for Bulgaria by Althoff and Danilevsky (1997: 32) most probably on on the base of general considerations, as it was recorded for Adrianopol (=Edirne) by Breuning (1962: 328) - about only 15km from Bulgarien border. #221. The area of Vadonia dojranensis was mistakenly mentioned as "BG" (Bulgaria) by Althoff and Danilevsky (1997: 12), as it was described from Macedonia. I've got a pair from Bulgaria with label: "Bulgaria mer., Kresna, VI.1982 Strba leg." #222. Ph. (O.) molybdaena was recorded for Bulgaria by G.Georgiev et al. (2002). #223. The record of Dorcadion arenarium for Bulgaria (Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997) was just a misprint - not a single subspecies was mentioned here for Bulgaria. According to Burakowsky et al. (1990), old records of the species for Poland (Weigel, 1806; Hildt, 1917) are doubtful. #224. According to my materials both subspecies of Ph. (Musaria) affinis are represented in Bulgaria: Ph.a.affinis in west Bulgaria (Lozenska Planina) and Ph.a.tuerki in south-east (Kiten). According to the last locality, Ph.a.tuerki is undoubtedly represented in European Turky. #225. The morphology of everted and inflated Dorcadionini endophallus is described and figured by Danilevsky et al. (2004) on the base of dry constant samples of 127 species and subspecies of four genera: Neodorcadion, Eodorcadion, Iberodorcadion and Dorcadion of all subgenera. The homology of different endophallus parts is established. The original terminology is proposed. All genera and subgenera of Dorcadionini are clearly delimited on the base of endophallic structures. New compositions of Dorcadion (s. str.) is proposed. The phylogenetic relations inside the tribe are discussed. A key for 4 genera and all subgenera is proposed on the base of endophallic characters. According to Danilevsky et al. (2004): The unique taxonomical position of D. (Politodorcadion) is demonstrated; possible generic level (close to Eodorcadion) of the taxon is supposed. Dorcadion (s. str.) = D. (Compsodorcadion); D. (Cribridorcadion) = D. (Pedestredorcadion), syn. n D. sareptanum euxinum Suvorov, stat. n. = D. kubanicum Plav., syn.n. #226 The relations between Politodorcadion and Eodorcadion was shown by Danilevsky et al. (2004). Now I prefer to regard Politotorcadion as a genus. #227 D. euxinum was described from near Novorossiisk. N.N. Plavilstshikov accepted the area of his D. kubanicum eastwards to about Armavir. In my collection it is also represented by much more easten localities: Stavropol environs, Erken-Shakhar in Karachaevo-Cherkessia, Tyrnyauz in Kabardino- Balkaria, Piatigorsk environs. I also attribute to this taxon several populations from Rostov Region, which are represented in my collection: 70km S Roston-on-Don and Orlovsky environs (about 70km S Volgodonsk - northwards Manych Depression, and so in Europe). D. sareptanum (described from Volgograd) was known to Plavilstshikov eastwards to about Emba river in Kazakhstan. In fact the difference between D. sareptanum and D. euxinum is very small and sometimes totally absent. In general legs and antennae of D. sareptanum must be lighter (reddish), but in fact the colour of Volgograd specimens is about same as in Ciscaucasian speciemens. Now I prefer to regard both taxons as subspecies. #228 G.Sama (2002) recorded Phytoecia nigricornis for the south of European Russia. It is an evident mistake. The species is distributed also in central and north part of European Russia (Althoff and Danilevsky, 1997). I've got several specimens from near Moscow. Filimonov and Udalov (2002) recorded it for St.-Petersburg Region. According to Cherepanov (1985) the species is distributed in Siberia to about Altai Mts and Ob River, but I've got specimens from near Krasnoiarsk (!) - Enisei River valley. #229 I preliminary regard the species described as Phytoecia nausicae Reizek et Kakiopoulos, 2004 as Conizonia. The authors attribute their species to "a homogenous" group, which also includes Ph. behen Sama et Rejzek, 1999 (from NE Turkey) and Ph. nepheloides Sama, 1997 (from Syria) similar to Piliemia, Coptosia and Conizonia. #230 Anastrangali reyi was recorded for Roumania (Dascalu, 2003); Theophilea subcylindricollis was collected in Roumania (personal communication of Maria-Magdalena Dascalu, 2004). #231 According to the personal communication (2004) by D.Kasatkin, "European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization" (EPPO) many times recorded Anoplophora glabripennis from France and Germany. According to S.S. Izhevsky (2004): "In Austria the trees infested by the species are still observed after the first discover of the population in 2001. 114 specimens were collected from 68 trees. The life cycle requires here 2 years." The introduction of Anoplophora glabripennis and A. chinensis in Europe was described by Ch. Cocquempot et al. (2003). #232 Rutpela was described in 1957. G.Sama (2002: 39) listed it as being in the volume of 1957, but published in 1959, but other genera from same article (Aredolpona, Macroleptura) he attributed to 1957. #233 According to P.Svacha (Svacha, Danlevsky, 1989), on the larval characters of Carilia and Paragaurotes, "it has been found intirely possible to treat the latter two , and particularly Paragaurotes, as subgenera of Gaurotes." The position was partly used by G. Sama (2002). #234 According to G.Sama (2002), the original description of Callidium punctatum Fabricius, 1798 refers to Ropalopus femoratus, so Callidium muricatum Dalman, 1817 is valid. #235 According to G.Sama (2002), Strangalina was established as a replacement name for Strangalia Serv., 1835 and so has same type species (Leptura luteicornis). But in fact it was istablished as a replacement name for Strangalia Lacord., 1869. Its type species is Leptura attenuata Linnaeus, 1758. G.Sama attributed the type designation of Leptura attenuata for Strangalina to Bily and Mehl, 1989. But it was done much before (see Plavilstshikov, 1936: 457). I have not seen Lacordaire's publication - possibly his Strangalia includes only one species? #236 According to P.Svacha (Svacha, Danlevsky, 1989), Gnathacmaeops is a subgenus of Acmaeops and futher: "it is incorrect to include all Palaearctic species under Gnathacmaeops (Cherepanov, 1979)", as well to include Acmaeops septentrionis under Gnathacmaeops (Hayashi, 1980). According to G.Sama, Acmaeops = Gnathacmaeops. #237 Phytoecia geniculata was recorded for Bulagria by Althoff, Danilevsky (1997), but no collecting data were published. The species was recorded as new for Bulgaria by Kantardjhiewa-Minkowa (1932: 81; 1934: 144) without collecting data and then by E.Migliaccio, G.Georgiev and P. Mirchev (2004) for Vitosha Mountain. #238 Four species were recorded from Samos Is. (Greece) as new for Europe by D.Dauber (2004): Trichoferus kotschyi GANGLBAUER 1883, Pedostrangalia verticenigra PIC 1892, Chlorophorus convexifrons HOLZSCHUH 1981 and Chlorophorus nivipictus KRAATZ 1779. #239 Acanthocinus griseus was recorded for Belgium by N. WARZEE and A. DRUMONT (2004). #240 Dinoptera collaris and Clytus arietis were recorded for Ireland by U.Bense (1995) and ignored by M.Rejzek (2004). #241 According to M.Rejzek (2004), Lepturobosca virens is extinct in Great Britain, as well as Obrium cantharinum, Cerambyx scopolii and probably Strangalia attenuata. #242 Cerambyx cerdo was wrongly recorded for Great Britain by Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997, as well as Xylotrechus antilope and Plagionotus detritus for Great Britain and Ireland. #243 Hylotrupes bajulus and Tetrops praeustus were recorded for Ireland by M.Rejzek (2004), as well as Leiopus nebulosus for Great Britain and Ireland. #244 Plagionotus arcuatus was recorded with question mark for Great Britain by M.Rejzek (2004), as well as Acanthocinus aedilis for Ireland. #245 S.Steiner (2003) listed as possible for Greece: Neodorcadion laqueatum, Dorcadion macedonicum, D. glabriscapus, D. albanicum, D. condensatum, D. ferruginipes, D. valonense, D. minkovae, D. sturmi, D. balthasari, D. laevepunctatum, D. maderi, D. sterbai, D. ingeae. #246 According to S.Steiner (2003), Dorcadion buresi was not collected after original description. I know a series (including 2 females in my collection): "GR Macedonia, Lekani/Kavala, 200m, 18.6.1992, N. Etcnti leg." #247 S.Steiner (2003) recorded for Greece: Dorcadion purkynei from Greek part of Kaimackalan (Oros Voras), 2100m; D. borisi from near Florina; D. heyrovskyi from Aokion Mts near Vlasti, 900-1500m and from Askion Mts.; D. kaimakcalanum from Greek part of Kaimackalan (Oros Voras), 1900m; D. punctipenne from Alexandroupolis and Kavala; #248 According to S.Steiner (2003), D. atritarse is a species. #249 According to A.Miroshnikov (2004), Cerambyx miles Bonelli was described in 1812, but not in 1823, as it is generally accepted [see Plavilstshikov, 1940; Sama, 2002]. #250 According to C.Pesarini & A.Sabbadini (2004): Dorcadion (Bergerianum), Subgen.nov., type-species Dorcadion chrysochroum; Dorcadion brenskei Ganglbauer, 1883 = Dorcadion aeginasum = D. nemeense; Dorcadion eugeniae emgei Ganglbauer, 1885, comb.n.; Dorcadion eugeniae eugeniae Ganglbauer,1885 = Dorcadion arcadicum Breuning, 1947; Dorcadion peleponesium Pic,1902 = Dorcadion subjunctum Pic, 1904 = Dorcadion-weiratheri Pic, 1929; Dorcadion (Pedestredorcadion) stephaniae, sp.nov. (Greece, Achaia, Mt. Erimanthos); Dorcadion accola Heyden, 1894 = Dorcadion glabrolineatum Pic, 1927. Untill endophallus study, I prefer to regard D. (Cribridorcadion) = D. (Bergerianum) #251 Phymatodes alni alnoides was described by Reitter (1913: 40). G.Sama (2002: 74) wrongly attributed the description of the taxon to "Stark, 1889". G.Sama (2002) wrongly mentioned Goeze [Johann August Ephraim, 1731-1793] as an author of Purpuricenus budensis (Götz) [Georg Friedrich, 1750-1813] and Anisorus quercus (Götz). #252 According to A.Miroshnikov (personal message, 2005), Chlorophorus sartor was described in Cerambyx [see Villiers,1978; Vives, 2000] but not in Leptura, as it was wrongly mentioned by N.N. Plavilstshikov (1940) or G.Sama (2002). #253 The system of Agapanthia was revised (Pesarini, Sabbadini, 2004) as follows (according to Zoological Record): Agapanthiola Ganglbauer, 1900, stat. n. leucaspis (Steven, 1817) Synthapsia gen. n. (type species Saperda kirbyi Gyllenhal, 1817) kirbyi Gyllenhal, 1817 Chionosticta gen. n. (type species Agapanthia niveisparsa Holzschuh, 1981) niveisparsa Holzschuh, 1981 Agapanthoplia gen. n. (type species Agapanthia coeruleipennis Frivaldsky, 1878) coeruleipennis Frivaldsky, 1878 Agapanthia (s.str.) cardui (Linnaeus, 1767) ruficornis Pic, 1918 A. (Stichodera subgen.n.) (type species Saperda irrorata Fabricius, 1787) irrorata (Fabricius, 1787) soror Kraatz, 1882 A. (Drosotrichia subgen.n.) (type species Saperda annularis Olivier, 1795) annularis (Olivier, 1795) A. (Agapanthiella subgen.n.) (type species Cerambyx villosoviridescens Degeer, 1775) altaica Plaviltshikov, 1933 alternans Fischer, 1842 amicula Holzschuh, 1989 angelicae Reitter, 1898 asphodeli (Latreille, 1804) auliensis Pic, 1907 cretica Bernhauser, 1978 cynarae (Gyllenhal, 1817) dahli (Richter, 1821) daurica Ganglbauer-1884 detrita Kraatz, 1882 erzurumensis Onalp, 1974 kindermanni Pic, 1905 lateralis Ganglbauer, 1884 lederi Ganglbauer, 1884 nicosiensis Pic, 1927 nigriventris Waterhouse, 1889 nitidipennis Holzschuh, 1984 persica Semenov, 1893 probsti Holzschuh, 1984 pustulifera Pic, 1905 salviae Holzschuh, 1975 schmidti Holzschuh, 1975 schurmanni Sama, 1979 sicula Ganglbauer, 1884 simplicicornis Reitter, 1898 subchalybaea Reitter, 1898 subflavida Pic, 1903 subnigra Pic, 1890 transcaspica Pic, 1900 turanica Plavilstshikov, 1929 verecunda Chevrolat, 1882 villosoviridescens (Degeer, 1775), walteri Reitter, 1898 zappii Sama, 1987 A. (Amurobia subgen n.) (type species Agapanthia amurensis Kraatz, 1879) amurensis Kraatz, 1879 japonica Kano, 1933 pilicornis (Fabricius, 1787) yagii Hayashi, 1982 A. (Smaragdula subgen.n.) (type species Saperda violacea Fabricius, 1775) amitina Holzschuh, 1989 chalybaea Faldermann, 1877 davidi Slama, 1986 fallax Holzschuh, 1974 frivaldskyi Ganglbauer, 1884 gemella Holzschuh, 1989 incerta Plavilstshikov, 1930 intermedia Ganglbauer, 1884 korostelevi Danilevsky, 1987 lais Reiche, 1858 osmanlis Reiche, 1858 persicola Reiche, 1894 violacea (Fabricius, 1775) A. (Homoblephara subgen.n.) (type species Saperda maculicornis Gyllenhal, 1817) maculicornis (Gyllenhal, 1817) orbachi Sama, 1993 Agapanthiola was already regarded as genus by G.Sama (2002). I preliminary prefer to regard as subgenera all other divisions. Several mistakes of the system are evident from the first view: A.korostelevi is just a Caucasian vicariant of A.maculicornis, and can be regarded as its subspecies, so it must be included in A. (Homoblephara), as well as A. davidi and most probably A. fallax. Any way A. davidi and A. fallax have no connections with other "Smaragdula". #254 According to Sama (1994): Plagionotus = Echinocerus. In fact both are separate genera, that was recently proved on the base of endofallic characters (Kasatkin, 2005). According to Burakovski et al. (1990) Echinocerus Muls.,1863 is a junior homonym of Echinocerus White, 1848 (Crustacea). A replacement name is Paraplagionotus Kasatkin, 2005. A new genus Neoplagionotus (type species: Clytus bobelayei Brulle, 1832) was described on the base of endophallic characters. #255 According to the position of several authors (Monné et Giesbert, 1993; Vives, 2000), Purpuricenini must be included in a very large tribe Trachyderini (see also Fragoso, Monné, Campos-Seabra, 1987). According to D.Kasatkin (personal message, 2005), such position is well agree with endophallus structure and the structure of internal female genital organs.
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