The Benthic Fauna of the Lov Inlet (The Kandalaksha bay, the White Sea): up to Date and Forty Years Old Archival Material

A.D. Naumov, K.L. Bijagov, O.N. Savchenko, D.A. Aristov and N.L. Usov

Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS, 2018, 322(4): 481–518  ·  https://doi.org/10.31610/trudyzin/2018.322.4.481

Full text  

Abstract

Sea-floor communities of the scoop-type Lov Inlet (the White Sea, the Kandalaksha Bay) were investigated. The comparison with similar data from the beginning of 1970th was carried out. It was found that under the pycnocline the Arctic type fauna with dominating species Portlandia arctica still remains. Above the pycnocline, essential changes have been found in comparison with 40 years old data. Bivalve mollusks had been dominating in 1970-s, while now the Polychaeta species Alitta virens holds a leading position. Also, strong changes were observed within community of the head-inlet threshold. In 1970-s a dense settlement of brown algae Saccharina latissima had been recorded on the most of the area. In 2010-s, only single thalli of this species were encountered. The water-column structure was analyzed in details. Integrated vertical profiles of temperature, salinity and oxygen content were investigated. It was found out, that the oxycline was situated almost at the same depth with the pycnocline . The oxygen content increased with the depth. Such situation is possible only when deep-water exchange occurs during winter time. This allows to propose that in winter time cold water enriched by oxygen drains from the surface into scoops near-bottom water-layers. From our observations, it was suggested that the summer stratification of the Lov Inlet waters is a result of winter advective processes. The time of complete water exchange in the inlet was estimated on the base of data on the fresh-water drain and compensative reverse flow, using the model and taking into account mixing processes. This time is equal to approximately 200 years. It allowed to assess the risk managementof the inlet. As a result, we recommend to prohibit any activity which may restrict water-exchange and provoke organic pollution.

Key words

benthos, hydrology, White Sea, scoop inlets, nature conservation

Submitted September 28, 2017  ·  Accepted April 1, 2018  ·  Published December 25, 2018

References

Armand A.D. and Samsonova L.Ya. 1969. Marine deposits and Holocene tectonic in the Kandalaksha area. In: M.K. Grave and B.I. Koshechkin (Eds). Main problems of geomorphology and Anthropogen stratigraphy of the Kola Peninsula. Nauka, Leningrad: 96–111. [In Russian].

Babkov A.I. 1995. Peculiarities of the hydrological regime in the Kandalaksha Bay and Onega Bay inlets. In: V.Ya. Berger (Ed). White Sea. Biological resources and problems of their rational exploitations. Explorations of the fauna of the seas, 42(50): 51–62. [In Russian].

Brotzkaja V.A., Jdanova N.N. and Semenova N.L. 1963. Sea bottom fauna of the Velikaya Salma Strait and adjacent areas of the Kandalaksha Bay, the White Sea. Proceedings of Kandalaksha State Reserve, 4; Proceedings of the White Sea Biological Station, Moscow State University, 2: 159–182. [In Russian].

Chava A.I., Udalov A.A., Vedenin A.A., Simakov M.I., Shchuka S.A. and Mokievsky V.O. 2017. Benthic fauna of the Tsivolka Bay (Novaya Zemlya Archipelago, the Kara Sea). Okeanologia, 57(1): 160–170. [In Russian]. https://doi.org/10.7868/S0030157417010014

Chechenkov A.V., Ivanov N.O., Legovich N.A. and Shustova N.K. 1982. The main features of hydrological, hydrochemical and biological structure of the Kanda Inlet, the Whine Sea. Increasing of productivity and rational exploitation of biological resources of the White Sea: Materials of I-th Coordination meeting. Leningrad: 23–25. [In Russian].

Chiviliev S.M. and Minichev Yu.S. 1993. Influence of the White Sea blue mussel culture farms on the benthos. Proceedings of Zoological Institute, 253: 110–122. [In Russian].

Colebrook J.M. 1978. Continuous plankton records: zooplankton and environment, North-East Atlantic and North Sea 1948–1975. Oceanologia acta, 1: 9−23.

Czekanowski J. 1909. Zur differential Diagnose der Neandertalgruppe. Korrespbl. Deutsche Gesellschaft Anthropologie, 40: 44–47.

Denisenko S.G. 2013. Biodiversity and bioresources of macrobenthos in the Barents Sea. Nauka, Saint Petersburg, 285 p. [In Russian].

Denisenko N.V., Denisenko S.G., Naumov A.D., Aristov D.A., Bijagov K.L. and Savchenko O.N. 2017. The structure of subtidal macrozoobenthos in the Chupa Inlet (the Kandalaksha Bay, the White Sea). Proceedings of the 13th of All-Russian Conference: Exploration, rational use and protection of natural resources of the White Sea. Saint Petersburg: 74–77. [In Russian].

Deubel H. 2000. On the macro-invertebrate sublittoral bottom fauna in the White Sea – with comments on its zoogeography. Berichte zur Polarforschung, 359: 42–50.

Fedyakov V.V. and Naumov A.D. 1989. Marine Bivalvia of the Arctic Ocean. In: Y. Herman (Ed.). The Arctic seas. Climatology, oceanography, geology and biology. – New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company: 303–324.

Gislén T. 1930. Epibioses of the Gullmarfjord II. Kristianenberg zoologiska station 1877–1927. Skriftaerie utvigen av Svenska vetenskapsakademien, 4. Uppsala, 380 p.

Golikov A.N., Averincev V.G., Babkov A.I., Menshutkina T.V. Fedyakov V.V. and Shoshina E.V. 1982. Biocenoses of the Palkin Inlet in the White Sea. In: V.S. Korotkevich (Ed.). Marine invertebrates of coastal biocenoses of the Arctic Ocean and Pacific Ocean. Explorations of the fauna of the seas, 29(37): 3–11. [In Russian].

Golikov A.N., Skarlato O.A., Galtsova V.V. and Menshutkina T.V. 1985. Ecosystems of the Chupa Inlet of the White Sea and their seasonal dynamic. In: V.V. Khlebovich (Ed.). Biocenoses of Chupa Inlet of the White Sea and their seasonal dynamic. Explorations of the fauna of the seas, 31(39): 5–83. [In Russian].

Gontar V.I. and Denisenko N.V. 1989. Arctic Ocean Bryozoa. In: Y. Herman (Ed.). The Arctic seas. Climatology, oceanography, geology and biology. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company. New York: 341–372.

Gruzov E.N. and Pushkin A.F. 1967. Biological communities of coastal area of the Davis Sea (according to SCUBA observations). Informational bulletin of Soviet Antarctic Expeditions, 65: 124–141. [In Russian].

Gurjanova E.F. 1951. Amphipodes of the USSR seas and adjacent waters (Amphipoda–Gammarida). Keys for identification of the USSR fauna, published by the Zoological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences 41. Leningrad, 1032 p. [In Russian].

Gurvitsch G.S. 1934. Distribution of animals in intertidal and subtidal of the Babye More. Explorations of the USSR seas, 20; Proceedings of the White Sea Methodological Station of the GGI, 2: 15–32. [In Russian].

Ibanez F. and Dauvin J.-C. 1988. Long-term changes (1977−1987) in a muddy fine sand Abra albaMelinna palmata community from Western English Channel: multivariate time-series analysis. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 49: 65−81.

Ivanov M.V., Chivilev S.M., Bankin O.E., Krugli­kov O.E. and Smagina D.S. 2009. Long-term dynamics of disturbance and recovery of benthic communities structure under strong organic pressure by blue mussel farming (the White Sea, the Kandalaksha Bay, the Nikol’skaya Inlet). Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University, series 3, 3: 122–133. [In Russian].

Ivanov M.V., Smagina D.S., Chivilev S.M. and Kruglikov O.E. 2013. Degradation and recovery of an Arctic benthic community under organic enrichment. Hydrobiologia, 706: 191−204. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-012-1298-3

Keller K. 1897. Das Leben des Meers. (Translated by P.Yu. Schmidt). Saint Petersburg, 633 p. [In Russian].

Koltun V.M. 1959. Cornacuspongia of Northern and Far Easter seas of the USSR. Keys for identification of the USSR fauna, published by the Zoological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 67. Leningrad, 236 p. [In Russian].

Koltun V.M. 1966. Tetraxspongids sponges of Northern and Far Easter seas of the USSR. Keys for identification of the USSR fauna, published by the Zoological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences 90. Leningrad, 112 p. [In Russian].

Koltun V.M. 1967. Hyalospongiae of Northern and Far Easter seas of the USSR. Keys for identification of the USSR fauna, published by the Zoological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 94. Leningrad, 126 p. [In Russian].

Khalaman V.V. and Sukhotin A.A. 2012. Marine farming. In: V.Ya. Berger (Ed.). Biological resources of the White Sea: Investigation and exploitation. Explorations of fauna of the seas, 69(77): 294–319 p. [In Russian].

Knipovitsch N.M. 1893. Some words about the Dolgaya Inlet (Solovetsky Island) fauna and its physical-geographic conditions. Bulletin of natural history, 1–2: 44–57.

Koshechkin B.I. 1968. Some features of appearance of modern tectonic movements at the Kola Peninsula. Geological structure, development and ore-bearing conditions of the Kola Peninsula: Proceedings of reports on the anniversary session dedicated to the 50th year of the Soviet authority. Apatity: 214–220. [In Russian].

Koshechkin B.I. 1979. The Holocene tectonics in the Eastern part of the Baltic Craton. Nauka, Leningrad, 158 p. [In Russian].

Kravets A.G., Sgibneva L.A. and Tsvetsinsky A.S. 1991. Tides and tide currents. In: B.Ch. Gluchovskoy (Ed.). Hydrometeorology and hydrochemistry of the USSR seas. 2. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad: 146–193. [In Russian].

Livanov N.A. 1911. Fauna of the Glubokaya (Dolgaya) Inlet of the Solovetsky Island. Records of evidence of Natural History Society of Imperial Kazan’ University, 268, Supplement: 1–9. [In Russian].

Mamaev O.I. 1970. T, S-analysis of the World Ocean waters. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad: 364 p. [In Russian].

Naumov D.V. 1960. Hydroids and hydromedusae of marine, brackish and freshwaters of the USSR. Keys for identification of the USSR fauna, published by the Zoological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 70: 1–627. [In Russian].

Naumov A.D. 1979. Sea-floor fauna of the Lov Inlet (the White Sea, the Kandalaksha Bay) and its peculiarities. Ecology of bottom organisms of the shelf zone. Proceedings of the Institute of Oceanology Academy of Sciences USSR. Moscow: 128–136. [In Russian].

Naumov A.D. 1991. On the macrobenthos communities investigation. Proceeding of Zoological Institute, 233: 127–147 [In Russian].

Naumov A.D. 2006. Clams of the White Sea. Explorations of fauna of the seas, 59(67). Saint Petersburg, 367 p. [In Russian].

Naumov A.D. 2007. Biogeographic zonality of the White Sea benthal. In: D.I. Ivanov (Ed.). Investigations on the ichthyology and related sciences in continental water bodies during beginning of XXI century, 337. KMK, Saint Petersburg–Moscow: 580–590. [In Russian].

Naumov A.D. 2016. Preliminary consideration on the rate of water-exchange of the Babye More Lagoon. Proceedings of the White Sea Biological Station of the Moscow State University, 12: 68–73. [In Russian].

Naumov A.D. 2017. Some singularities of the water exchange between the White Sea and the Barents Sea. Proceedings of the 13th of All-Russian Conference: Exploration, rational use and protection of natural resources of the White Sea. Saint Petersburg: 143–145. [In Russian].

Naumov A.D., Babkov A.I. and Fedyakov V.V. 1986. Communities of the Kolvitsa Inlet (the Kandalaksha Bay, the White Sea). In: V.V. Fedyakov and V.V. Lukanin (Eds). Ecological investigations of the benthic organisms of the White Sea. Leningrad: 91–122. [In Russian].

Naumov A.D. and Martynova D.M. 2016. Summer structure of the Babye More waters. Comparative analysis of the data from two different decades. Proceedings of the White Sea Biological Station of the Moscow State University, 12: 68–73. [In Russian].

Naumov A.D., Mokievskiy V.O., Isachenko A.I., Savchenko O.N., Biyagov K.L. and Aristov D.A. 2016a. Subtidal communities of macrobenthos of the Babye More. Proceedings of the White Sea Biological Station of the Moscow State University, 12: 74–90. [In Russian].

Naumov A.D., Mokievskiy V.O. and Chava V.A. 2016b. Tides in the Rugozerskaya Inlet and adjacent water-basins (White Sea, Kandalaksha Bay). Proceedings of the White Sea Biological Station of the Moscow State University, 12: 74–90. [In Russian].

Naumov A.D. and Olenev A.V. 1981. Zoological excursions at the White Sea. Leningrad State University Press, Leningrad, 176 p. [In Russian].

Nevessky E.N., Medvedev V.S. and Kalinenko V.V. 1977. The White Sea. Sedimentogenesis and the history of development in Holocene. Nauka, Moscow, 236 p. [In Russian].

Ninburg E.A. 1990. The Dolgaya Inlet: natural and artificial isolation. Priroda, 1: 44–49. [In Russian].

Pantiulin A.N. 2016. Characteristics of the water structure in the Babye More and the conditions of their formation. Proceedings of the White Sea Biological Station of the Moscow State University, 12: 48–54. [In Russian].

Savcheko O.N. and Naumov A.D. 2017. Long-term dynamics in intertidal communities (the Chupa Inlet, the Kandalaksha Bay, the White Sea). Proceedings of the 13th of All-Russian Conference: Exploration, rational use and protection of natural resources of the White Sea. Saint Petersburg: 173–176.

Shannon C.E. 1948. A mathematical theory of communication. Urbana, 117 p.

Sokolova E.V. 1934. Materials on the Babye More hydrology. Explorations of the USSR seas, 20. Proceedings of the White Sea Methodological Station of the GGI, 2: 33–42. [In Russian].

Thorson G. 1934. Contributions to the animal ecology of the Scorsby Sound fjord complex (East Greenland). Meddeselar om Grønland, 100 (3): 1–68.

Tide tables 1. 1990. Waters of the European part of the USSR. Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 248 p. [In Russian].

Tschudnov K. 1926. Glubokaya Inlet and its peculiarities. Solovetsky archipelago, 2–3: 159–170. [In Russian].

Udalov A.A., Vedenin A.A. and Simakov M.I. 2016. Benthic Fauna of the Blagopoluchiya Bay (Novaya Zemlya, the Kara Sea). Okeanologia, 56 (5): 720–730. [In Russian]. https://doi.org/10.7868/S0030157416050154

Yurchenko S.V. and Koryakin A.S. 2012. Anthropogenic impact on the Kanda Inlet, the White Sea. Materials of VII all-Russia scientific conference: Ecological problems of Northern regions and ways of their solution. Part 2. Apatity: 171–173. [In Russian].

Zelenkov V.M. 1996. Possible ways to develop fish farming at the White Sea. Materials of the meetig: State and outlook of scientific and practical elaborations of marine farming in Russia. Moscow: 109–114. [In Russian].

 

© Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Last modified: December 25, 2018