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Daria Martynova
Ph.D.
White Sea Biological Station
Zoological Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences
Universitetskaya nab., 1
199034, St.-Petersburg, Russia
Tel: +7 (921) 4456471, +7 (921) 014 58 64
Fax: +7(812) 7140444
E-mail: daria.martynova@gmail.com

Scientific Adviser, Icebreaker-Museum “Krasin” (St.-Petersburg), permanent exhibition “The White Room" (The Ecosystems of the Polar Regions).
Translator of scientific peer-reviewed Russian journals (Russian-English), MAIK Nauka-Interperiodica by Pleiades Publishing
Research interests:  The life cycle strategies of the high-latitude marine copepods.
Education:
1995-2000 – Kazan State University, Faculty of Biology and Soil Sciences, Invertebrate Zoology Department, MSc
2000-2003 – Zoological Institute RAS, Ph.D. Student (Thesis "The feeding peculiarities of key Centropagoida copepod species in the White Sea", 1994)
Membership:
MarBEF (www.marbef.org, associated member),
EUR-OCEANS (a href="www.eur-oceans.eu, PostDoc, http://training-outreach.eur-oceans.eu/eur-oceans-post-doctoral-fellows.php),
Nordic Marine Academy (http://armauer.uib.no/nma/, ZIN RAS coordinator, http://armauer.uib.no/nma/default.asp?k=13&id=77)
Teaching experience:
St.-Petersburg State University, Faculty of Biology and Soil Sciences, Department of Ichthyology and Hydrobiology, “Oceanology” ("Ocean Biogeochemistry”), «Trophodynamics of Aquatic Animals”, “Problems and Methods in Studying Trophology of the Aquatic Animals” – since 2005

Kazan State University, Faculty of Biology and Soil Sciences, Invertebrate Zoology Department, “Pelagic ecosystems of the Polar Regions", «Arctic Ecosystems (with Introduction to Climatology)», since 2007

Murmansk Marine Technical University, “Marine Plankton”, since 2009

Field summer courses:
  • Summer Field Student Practice on the White Sea: (1) Kazan State University, since 2003; (2) St.-Petersburg State University, Faculty of Biology and Soil Sciences, Department of Ichthyology and Hydrobiology, since 2008; (3) Murmansk Marine Technical University, since 2008.;
  • Polish Academy of Sciences – Lecturer of the Summer School at the White Sea Biological Station (2007);

    Tutorial Activities:
  • Alexey V. Vakatov, Kazan State University, MSc, "Feeding habits of Acartia species (Copepoda) in the White Sea” (2002-2004);
  • Askar A. Gainullin, Kazan State University, MSc, "Mouthparts morphology of key copepod species (the White Sea) in terms of species feeding ecology" , (2005– 2008);
  • Nail D. Mingazov, Kazan State University, MSc, "Spring biology of Calanus glacialis (Jaschnov, 1955) in the White Sea and its annual dynamics in the Fram Strait with special implications on life cycle strategies" (2007–2008);
  • Ksenia A. Mikhalchuk, St.Petersburg State University, BSc, «Feeding Peculiariries of Metridia longa in the White Sea” (since 2007)
  • Nail D. Mingazov, St.Petersburg State University, PhD Student, «The Revision of Genus Pseudocalanus (Copepoda, Calanoida) in the Arctic“ (since 2008)
  • Main research areas:
    1997-2000 «Seasonal Succession of the Zooplankton Communities in the White Sea» (MSc). The seasonal changes in the zooplankton communities were described for the near shore and open sea areas of the Kandalaksha Bay, the White Sea. The strong seasonality of the zooplankton communities was observed. The communities are forming by dominant zoogeographical species groups. The upper water layers are characterized by the seasonal changes in dominant species, such as «arctic (winter) – arcto-eurybiont (beginning of the spring) – eurybiont (middle of the spring – beginning of the summer) – eurybiont-boreal (middle of the summer) – boreal-eurybiont (end of the summer – beginning of the autumn) – eurybiont (autumn)». In the middle water layer the impact of boreal species decreases significantly, and the forming of the communities is usually in 1-2 weeks later. The zooplankton communities inhabiting the deep waters below picnocline are persented by arctic and eurybiont species all the year round. The hydrological conditions are the major reason of seasonal changes in the zooplankton communities. The zooplankton community complexity (Shannon index) is the lowest in the beginning of the spring and significantly increases through the season until the end of the summer. In total, the major seasonal changes in zooplankton communitites in the White Sea are common to the other sub-Arctic regions, however, they exibit some peculiarities related to the unique hydrological conditions in the White Sea.

    2000-2004 «The feeding peculiarities of key Centropagoida copepod species in the White Sea» (PhD). The investigation was targeted to reveal the major feeding characteristics of the Centropagoidea copepods in the White Sea. The quantitative and qualitative parameters of feeding of Acartia spp., Temora longicornis and Centropages hamatus were described for the first time. The copepods were fed by natural seston to assess their grazing and faecal pellet impact to the ecosystem. The impact of several factors, such as light intensity and temperature, to feeding ratios were studied. Additionally, major biochemical characteristics (total proteins, total lipids, lipid classes, fatty acids) were studied for different developmental stages. The life cycle strategies were described under multidisciplinary researches. The impact of the studied species to the ecosystem was assessed. The project was granted by Copernicus Foundation (participant, ¹ICA2-CT-2000-10053), DAAD (personal fellowship, MBFOKU¹À/2403), Otto Schmidt Laboratory (project participant), «System of the White Sea» (in collaboration with P.P.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology RAS, Moscow).
    2005-2007 «The diel vertical migrations of the zooplankton as a protection mechanism of the photoinduced oxidation stress». The copepods with different feeding preferences have different reactions to the UVB and visible light. The predominantly herbivores are characterized by positive phototaxis for both visible and UVB light. We assume such pecuiarities are strongly governed by the vertical distribution of the potential food resources. Additionally, the light behavior is closely connected with the life cycle strategies and ontogenic vertical migrations, Which is mostly expressed for the Arctic species. The project was granted by RFBR 02-04-49717A and 03-04-63003K, in collaboration with A.N. Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Moscow.
    2006-2007 "The pelagic ecosystems of the White Sea. The scoop inlets as a pelagic micromodel». The vertical stratification of zooplankton communities is highly developed in the scoop inlets of the Kandalaksha Bay. The biogeographical groups of species are the indicators of different water masses. The changes in the zooplankton communities are different for distinct water layers. Somehow, the scoop inlets might be used as a micromodel to investigate the processes of zooplankton community, and especially larvacene, changes in the deeper part of the sea. These inlets are extremely suitable for investigations of the life cycle models of different Bivalvia species, which have planktonic larvae. The project was granted by St.Petersburg RAS Scientific Research Council.
    2006-2007 «Winter distribution and overwintering strategies of major copepod species (Crustacea, Calanoida) in the Lazarev Sea (Antarctica)». The strategy of winter diapause/activity in abundant antarctic copepod species of Calanus propinquus, Metridia spp., Calanoides acutus and Rhincalanus gigas is governed by seasonal cyclicity of both food availability and food spectra. The two-years life cycle is argued for Calanus propinquus. The project was granted by Alfred-Wegener-Institute and DAAD (personal fellowship MBFOKU¹À/05/56521).
    2007-2008 «Climate chAnge Effects on life cycle patterns of Calanus glacialis (Copepoda, Calanoida) in three different areas in the Arctic (CAESAR)». The project was aimed to discover major changes in life cycle strategy of Calanus glacialis induced by climate change in the Arctic. The duration of gonad maturation, egg production and nauplii hatching success are strongly governed by both food quantity and quality. The food characteristics significantly depend on the hydrological, ice conditions and solar impact, therefore the climate change may induce irreversible changes in the pelagic ecosystems of the Arctic. The project was granted by Otto Schmidt Laboratory (Principal Investigator, OSL-07-11) and EUR-OCEANS (EU Collaborative PostDoc, 200600497-2).
    2008-2010 «The trophic interrelationships in pelagic sub-Arctic food webs (the White Sea): The lipid status and lipid dynamics, transport and transformation in food chain "phytopankton - zooplankton (Calanus glacialis) – planktivorous fish (Leptoclinus maculatus)». The selectivity of different food particles and ingestion rates of various developmental stages of key copepod species Calanus glacialis were studied during the first year of investigation. The feeding behaviour was studied for native and suspended seawater. High selectivity indexes of certain phytoplankton species were discovered for nearly all of studies developmental stages. However, the impact of non-chlorophyll particles in the food spectra of Calanus may reach up to 50% of consumed food. These data are nicely follow the Kiorboe theory (Kiorboe, 1998) about the omnivorous feeding type of Calanus instead of widely assumed herbivorous habits. The feeding activity of different developmental stages is closely connected with the life cycle strategy of this species. The project was granted by RFBR (08-04-98843-ð_ñåâåð_à), in collaboration with Institute of Biology, Karelian Research Centre, RAS.

    2008-2009 «The climate change in low-arctic seas: an attempt to estimate the substitution by two key planktonic species on the basement of physiological peculiarities and life cycle strategies». The major objective of the present project is to assess possible changes in feeding and, further on, abundance and possible substitution of Calanus glacialis by Metridia longa under the scenario of climate change. The project was granted by Otto Schmidt Laboratory (Principal Investigator, OSL-09-16).

    2011 «Zooplankton community in a changing environment: is stability possible?». The project aims on (1) assessing of the temperature optima for the key plankton species with reference to 50-year period continuous monitoring observations in the White Sea; (2) recalculating of the extreme environmental temperatures (climatic shifts) and assessing their impact to the zooplankton community structure; (3) analysis of the long-term dynamics of the zooplankton biomass and trends in the temperature changes in the White Sea since 1957; (4) description of the seasonal and vertical distributional dynamics of three key cold-water species, Calanus glacialis, Metridia longa, Pseudocalanus minutus; and (5) analysis of the structural and functional patterns of Calanus glacialis, Metridia longa, and Pseudocalanus minutus population (biomass, feeding patterns, species impact to the zooplankton community and organic matter flux). The project was granted by Fulbright Personal Professorship (the USA) in collaboration with Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of South Carolina, the USA.

    Participant of the Summer Schools – (1) OSL Spring School on Marine Sciences (2004, 2005, 2008), (2) NMA Summer School "The challenge of pelagic feeding: from prey detection to secondary production in contrasting pelagic food webs" (2007), (3) ARCTOS Winter School, Arctic Frontiers, “Food web dynamics and biogeochemical fluxes in the Arctic Ocean” (2007).

    Member of the organising committees: (1) Russian-German Scientific Workshop "Adaptations of Marine Organisms and Problems of Global Climate Changes”, St. Petersburg, Russia, April 2006; (2) “Ecological Investigations of the White Sea Organisms”, II Scientific Conference, Cape Kartesh, Russia, July 2007; (3) XI All-Russian conference with international participation “Problems of Study, Management, and Conservation of Natural Resources of the White Sea”, St.Petersburg, November 2010; (4) European Marine Biology Symposium Steering Committee Member (Representative of Russia) – since 2010

    Participant of 13 scientific cruises:
    (a) the White Sea, Russian Arctic – 12, including Leader of the cruise – three times, together with MMBI, VNIRO, MSU, IO RAS, VNII Okeangeologya, AD IO RAS, VSEGEI, IENS UrD RAS, Microbiology Institute (Russian), AWI (German), Abo University (Finnish), Goeteborg University (Swedish);
    (b) the Lazarev Sea, Antarctica – Leader of zooplankton group, together with Alfred-Wegener-Institut (Germany), Leuven University (Belguim), University of British Columbia (Canada), Instituto Antartico Argentino (Argentina), University of Bremen (Germany), IMARES (the Neitherlands), University of Hamburg (Germany), University of Cape Town (SAR), BFA Institut für Seefischerei (Germany), Göteborgs Universitet (Sweden), OPTIMARE Sensorsysteme AG (Germany)

    Scientific Adviser, Icebreaker-Museum “Krasin” (St.Petersburg), permanent exhibition “The White Room" (The Ecosystems of the Polar Regions).

    Ad hoc Reviewer (Journal of Plankton Research, Polar Biology, Marine Ecology Progress Series).

    Translator (staff), MAIK-Nauka Interperiodika (Pleiades Publishing, Springer) – scientific journals on biological and ecological field.
    Participant of 13 scientific cruises:

    (a) the White Sea, Russian Arctic – 12, including Leader of the cruise – three times, together with MMBI, VNIRO, MSU, IO RAS, VNII Okeangeologya, AD IO RAS, VSEGEI, IENS UrD RAS, Microbiology Institute (Russian), AWI (German), Abo University (Finnish), Goeteborg University (Swedish);

    (b) the Lazarev Sea, Antarctica – Leader of zooplankton group, together with Alfred-Wegener-Institut (Germany), Leuven University (Belguim), University of British Columbia (Canada), Instituto Antartico Argentino (Argentina), University of Bremen (Germany), IMARES (the Neitherlands), University of Hamburg (Germany), University of Cape Town (SAR), BFA Institut fur Seefischerei (Germany), Goteborgs Universitet (Sweden), OPTIMARE Sensorsysteme AG (Germany)
    Publications
    • !! Exploration, sustainable use and protection of natural resources of the White Sea. Proceedings of the XIII conference, Saint Petersburg, Zoological Institute RAS, 2017, 290 p. (In Russian).  Download
    • Martynova D.M., Kutcheva I.P., Naumov A.D. 2016. Seasonal and spatial dynamics of the zooplankton community structure in the scoop-type inlets of the White Sea (Babye More and Nikolskaya inlet). In: Mokievsky V.O., Isachenko A.I., Dgebuadze P.Yu., Tzetlin A.B. (Editors) Proceedings of the White Sea Biological Station of the Moscow State University, V. 12, Moscow, 91-109. (In Russian)  Download
    • Naumov A.D., Martynova D.M. 2016. Summer structure of the Babye More waters. Comparative analysis of the data from two different decades. In: Mokievsky V.O., Isachenko A.I., Dgebuadze P.Yu., Tzetlin A.B. (Editors) Proceedings of the White Sea Biological Station of the Moscow State University, V. 12, Moscow, 55-67. (In Russian)  Download
    • Hisakawa N, Quistad S, Hester ER, Martynova D, Maughan H, Sala E, Gavrilo M, Rohwer F. 2015. Metagenomic and satellite analyses of red snow in the Russian Arctic. PeerJ (Nature Publishing Group) DOI 10.7717/peerj.1491  Abstract  Download
    • Budko D. F., Demina L.L., Martynova D.M., Gorshkova O.M. 2015. Trace elements in organisms of different trophic groups in the White Sea // Oceanology, Springer, Vol. 55, No. 5, pp. 730–741.  Abstract  Request for a reprint
    • A. Sukhotin, M. Frost, H. Hummel, D. Martynova, A. Naumov (Editors) 2015. Special Section: European Marine Biology Symposium Papers 2014, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, v 95, Issue 8.   Abstract
    • A variety of interactions in the marine environment. Abstracts volume from the 49 European Marine Biology Symposium, St.-Petersburg, 2014, 116 p.  Download
    • Usov N., I. Kutcheva, I. Primakov, D. Martynova. 2013. Every species is good in its season: Do the shifts in the annual temperature dynamics affect the phenology of the zooplankton species in the White Sea? Hydrobiologia, 706: 11-33.  Abstract  Request for a reprint
    • Martynova D.M. 2012. Pellet Flux in the White Sea. Chapter IV. 3. Biology, Biogeochemistry and Sedimentation. In book: System of the White Sea (ed. A.P. Lisitzin). Vol. 2. Moscow: Nauchnyi Mir: 675-690. (in Russian).
    • Persson J., Stige L.C., Stenseth N.C., Usov N., Martynova D. 2012. Scale-dependent effects of climate on two copepod species, Calanus glacialis and Pseudocalanus minutus, in an Arctic-boreal sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 468: 71-83  Abstract  Request for a reprint
    • Demina L.L., Leonova G.A., Bobrov V.A., Martynova D.M. 2012. Microelements in the Planktonic Organisms of the White Sea. Biology, Biogeochemistry and Sedimentation. In book: System of the White Sea (ed. A.P. Lisitzin). Vol. 2. Moscow: Nauchnyi Mir. P. 691–715. (in Russian).
    • Martynova D.M. 2012. Feeding of the Key Planktonic Copepod Species. In: V.Ja. Berger (Ed.) Biological Resources of the White Sea: Investigation and Exploitation. Zoological Institute RAS, Saint-Petersburg, 87-96. (In Russian).
    • Martynova D.M., Kazus’ N.A., Bathmann U.V., Graeve M., Sukhotin A.A. 2011. Seasonal abundance and feeding patterns of copepods Temora longicornis, Centropages hamatus and Acartia spp. in the White Sea (66ºN). Polar Biology, 34: 1175-1195.   Abstract  Request for a reprint
    • Martynova D. M., Kutcheva I.P. 2011. Evaluation of the impact of a cage-type trout farm on the structure of zooplankton community. Rybnoye Khoziaystvo (“Fisheries”), 1: 57-60 (In Russian).  Request for a reprint
    • Ilyash L. V., Radchenko I. G., Kuznetsov L. L., Lisitzyn A. P., Martynova D. M., Novigatskiy A. N., Chul’tsova A. L.2011. Spatial Variability of the Species Composition, Abundance, and Productivity of the Phytoplankton in the White Sea in the Late Summer Period. Oceanology, 51(1): 19-26 (English version).   Abstract  Request for a reprint
    • Daase M., Søreide J., Martynova D. 2011. Effects of food quality and food concentration on naupliar development of Calanus glacialis at sub-zero temperatures, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 429: 111–124.   Abstract  Request for a reprint
    • Martynova D.M., Gordeeva A.V. 2010. Light-dependent behaviour of major zooplankton species in the White Sea with some implications to their feeding and life cycle patterns. Journal of Plankton Research, 32(4): 441-456.   Request for a reprint
    • Martynova D.M., Graeve M., Bathmann U.V. Adaptation strategies of copepods (superfam. Centropagoida) in the White Sea (66?N), Polar Biology, 32:133-146  Abstract  Request for a reprint
    • Martynova D., Michels J., Wend B., Alheit R. 2008. The expedition ANTARKTIS-XXIII/6 of the research vessel "Polarstern" in 2006 / ed. by Ulrich Bathmann with contributions of the participants. 10. Zooplankton investigations/ Copepods (Calanoidae and Cyclopoidae). Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung . Reports on Polar and Marine Research 580: 57-65.  Request for a reprint
    • Primakov I.M., Martynova D.M., Usov N.V., Kutcheva I.P. 2007. The main lines of investigation of the White Sea pelagial by the staff of the White Sa Biological Station of Zoological institute RAS. II Scientific conference "Ecological investigations of the White Sea organisms". 18-22 July 2007. WSBS ZIN RAS, Cape Kartesh: 96-100. (in Russian)  Request for a reprint
    • Usov N., Martynova D., Primakov I. 2006. Flexibility of zooplankton community to the hydrological environmental changes in the White Sea. Adaptations of Marine Organisms and Problems of Global Climate Changes. Russian-German Scientific Workshop. - St. Petersburg, April 2006: 16.  Request for a reprint
    • Martynova D.M. 2005. Feeding of key species of warm-water calanoid copepods in the White Sea. Oceanology, 45(2): 249-255. (In Russian with English abstract)  Abstract  Request for a reprint
    • Martynova D.M., Graeve M. 2005. Comparing two methods of the copepod food spectra analyses. Saint-Petersburg. Proc. Zool. Inst. RAS:301.  Request for a reprint
    • Kosobokova, K, Martynova, D, Prudkovsky, A. 2005. Contribution of Zooplankton to Vertical Carbon Fluxes in the Kara and White Seas. Polarforschung 75: 77-82.  Abstract  Request for a reprint
    • Martynova D.M. 2003. Copepod faecal pellets and their role in organic matter flux in the White Sea. Proc. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci. 299: 83-90.  Download
    • Martynova D.M., Kutcheva I.P. 2000. New data on copepod diel vertical migrations in the White Sea.Proc.VSci.Conf. of the White Sea Biol. Station named after N.A. Pertzov. Moscow University: 45-48. (In Russian)  Request for a reprint