Accueil du sitewww.cnrs.frwww.inist.frOther CNRS
   Envoyer le lien de cette référence    Imprimer / Print    Retour / Back

Titre du document / Document title

Insecticide drift deposition on noncrop plant surfaces and its impact on two beneficial nontarget arthropods, aphidius colemani viereck (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) and Coccinella septempunctata L. (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae)

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

LANGHOF Maren (1) ; GATHMANN Achim (2) ; POEHLING Hans-Michael (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Institute of Plant Diseases and Plant Protection, University of Hannover, Herrenhäuser Strasse 2, 30419 Hannover, ALLEMAGNE
(2) Biology V, RWTH Aachen, Worringerweg 1, 52056 Aachen, ALLEMAGNE

Résumé / Abstract

Drift of the pyrethroid insecticide X-cyhalothrin into field margins bordering wheat and its effect on nontarget arthropods was investigated under field conditions. Insecticide deposition on leaf surfaces of broad beans exposed within field margins at 1-, 2-, and 3-m distance from the field edge and directly within the crop was quantified using a fluorescent tracer. The toxicity of leaf deposits to the aphid parasitoid Aphidius colemani Viereck (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and to larvae of the ladybird Coccinella septempunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) was estimated. Mean corrected mortalities of A. colemani were <50% (1 m) and <30% (2 and 3 m), and mortalities of C. septempunctata larvae were ≤80% (1 m), ≤67% (2 m), and ≤52% (3 m) 12 and 24 h postexposure to drift deposits. High positive correlation coefficients proved the relationship between leaf deposits and mortalities of test organisms. The connection of drift deposit measurement and exposure bioassay provides a promising approach to determining effects of insecticide drift on nontarget arthropods. However, due to the patchiness of drift deposition on noncrop plant surfaces, risks to nontarget arthropods at defined distances from the sprayed crop are not highly predictable.

Revue / Journal Title

Environmental toxicology and chemistry  (Environ. toxicol. chem.)  ISSN 0730-7268   CODEN ETOCDK 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 24, no8, pp. 2045-2054 [10 page(s) (article)] (41 ref.)

Langue / Language


Editeur / Publisher

SETAC, Pensacola, FL, ETATS-UNIS (1982) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Coleoptera ; Coccinellidae ; Insecta ; Invertebrata ; Pyrethroids ; Pesticides ; Coccinella septempunctata ; Braconidae ; Hymenoptera ; Arthropoda ; Ecotoxicology ; Risk analysis ; Fluorescent tracer ; Plant ; Drift ; Chemical control ; Insecticide ;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Coleoptera ; Coccinellidae ; Insecta ; Invertebrata ; Pyréthrinoïde ; Pesticide ; Cyhalothrin ; Aphidius ; Coccinella septempunctata ; Braconidae ; Hymenoptera ; Arthropoda ; Ecotoxicologie ; Analyse risque ; Marqueur fluorescent ; Plante ; Dérive ; Lutte chimique ; Insecticide ;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Coleoptera ; Coccinellidae ; Insecta ; Invertebrata ; Piretrinoide ; Plaguicida ; Coccinella septempunctata ; Braconidae ; Hymenoptera ; Arthropoda ; Ecotoxicología ; Análisis riesgo ; Marcador fluorescente ; Planta ; Deriva ; Lucha química ; Insecticida ;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 19956, 35400013794988.0270

Copyright 2007 INIST-CNRS. All rights reserved
Toute reproduction ou diffusion même partielle, par quelque procédé ou sur tout support que ce soit, ne pourra être faite sans l'accord préalable écrit de l'INIST-CNRS.
No part of these records may be reproduced of distributed, in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of INIST-CNRS.
Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16980671

   Envoyer le lien de cette référence    Imprimer / Print    Retour / Back