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Year 2012, Volume 46, Issue 6
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Morphological variability and population structure of the cestode Proteocephalus longicollis (Zeder, 1800) in aquaculture. P. 425-433.
Morphological variability of the cestode Proteocephalus longicollis (Zeder, 1800) from Coregonus peled (Gmelin, 1789) was studied in natural host population from the Pelyadka River and in aquaculture from the Kuchak Lake. Variability of morphometric characters of the parasite is recorded. Sample from the Kuchak Lake differs from the sample collected in the Pelyadka River by a greater number of testes, larger size of worms, smaller size of cirrus bursa and smaller ratio of the cirrus bursa length and the width of proglottid.
in Russian
Population biology of cestode genus Triaenophorus in natural and man-made water bodies. P. 434-443.
A comparative study of the frequencies of occurrence and distribution of the abundances of pike parasites, tapeworms of the genus Triaenophorus, was carried out in natural lakes and water bodies contaminated by the Kostomuksha mining and concentration mill (Northern Karelia). We demonstrate that the wide presence of T. crassus and T. nodulosus in natural northern lakes is due to the diversity of aquatic organisms and the structure of trophic relations. The abundance of both species is modeled by the negative binomial distribution. Relations in the host-parasite system are stable. Estimates of the parameter k of the negative binomial distribution reflect the changes in the interactions in the host-parasite system. T. nodulosus has survived in the man-made water body storing the highly mineralized recirculated water from the mill. Disturbance-related distinctions were detected in the parameters of the T. nodulosus abundance distribution in the host population. In the Okunevoye Lake, where the water discharged from the tailings dump is more diluted, the infection rates in pike did not differ from those in undisturbed water bodies.
in Russian
Trematode distribution in Littorina saxatilis populations can support the reproductive potential of the host: "toilers" and "idlers" among female periwinkles. P. 444-462.
Co-evolution between parasites and their hosts can involve adaptations on the individual and population levels likely to be especially prominent in the systems where parasites have a direct strong impact on the hosts fitness, as is the case with castrating trematodes and their gastropod hosts. We studied populations of the rough periwinkles Littorina saxatilis in the White Sea infested by castrating trematodes to determine whether spatial and temporal variations in the trematode prevalence affect the demographic structure of the host population. Sex, age, reproductive status and infestation of L. saxatilis from 19 populations with different trematode burdens (from <1% to 30—50%); in two of these 19 populations (RI and KLN) a long-term monitoring over the period of 15—20 years was also performed. These analyses showed that (1) the average age of gravid females did not correlate with the trematode prevalence of the population, (2) the ratio was skewed towards females, (3) the trematode prevalence in females tended to be higher than in males, (4) the proportion of the non-infested gravid females of the younger ages classes (2—4 years) did not correlate with trematode prevalence of the population. The proportion of young non-infested females that were not reproducing ("idlers") decreased significantly with increasing infestation prevalence when compared among different populations of L. saxatilis, but remained relatively stable within two heavily infested populations RI and KLN despite the year-to-year fluctuations of the infestation prevalence. Thus, a demographic mechanism to compensate for the parasite pressure in L. saxatilis populations may involve the maintenance of a relatively constant proportion of uninfected gravid female ("toilers") at the expense of uninfected, but not reproducing females of fertile age ("idlers"); the latter can be viewed a reproductive reserve of the population tapped into under the conditions of high infestation prevalence. This mechanism, in combination with the previously described elevated individual fecundity of females in heavily infested populations, may compensate for the parasite-induced decrease in the reproductive potential of the host population and ensure the stability of the host-parasite system.
in Russian
Tapeworm Oochoristica tuberculata (Rudolphi, 1819) — parasite of the lizard Eremias argus Peters, 1869 in Zabaikalie. P. 463-471.
Morphological characteristics of the tapeworm Oochoristica tuberculata from the lizard Eremias argus is given from the northern border of the host areal. The complexes of most stable and most variable characters of this tapeworm are determined. The list of hosts is given for Oochoristica tuberculata.
in Russian
Monitoring of the helminth of insectivorous mammals of meliorative canal banks in Belorussian Polesie. P. 472-478.
The helminth fauna of insectivorous mammals inhabiting meliorative canal banks has been examined in western part of Belorussian Polesie during 2005—2010. 33 species of helminthes were found in 4 species of small mammals, and total infection was 94.2%. The results of monitoring were compared with the observations carried out in the same territory in 1996—1999. Common shrew was found to be the dominant species among insectivorous mammals. The helminth complex in the insectivorous mammals inhabiting meliorative canal banks is formed mainly from the helminths of this host species.
in Russian
Using of antibodies against microsporia Hsp70 family proteins for analysis of secretome of intracellular parasites. P. 479-492.
Microsporidia is a large group of fungi-related unicellular parasites with obligate intracellular lifestyle. Unlike other protozoan intracellular parasites (Kinetoplastida and Apicomplexa), most microsporidian species develop in direct contact with the host cell cytoplasm. This fact, acquisition of unique transporters to exploit host metabolic system (alongside the strong minimization of own machinery) and predicted repertoire of microsporidia secretome altogether suggest an active role of parasite proteins in the control of infected cell. Lack of information about secretome of microsporidia intracellular stages is largely due to the methodological difficulties of working with the obligate intracellular parasites. An important problem of such study is the contamination of preparations of host cell cytoplasm by inner (nonsecreted) parasite proteins. Even the homogenization of infected tissue in mild conditions and removal of parasite cells by low-speed centrifugation may result in their partial disruption. We expressed the fragments of three Hsp70 family chaperones from the microsporidium Paranosema (Antonospora) locustae in bacteria Escherichia coli. Immunoblotting with proteins of microsporidia intracellular stages and infected host tissue (locust fat bodies) demonstrated that antibodies against recombinant polypeptides may be used to monitor the integrity of parasite cells during homogenization of infected host tissue and subsequent removal of parasites by centrifugation.
in Russian
On the methods of investigation of the actinosporean development phase of myxosporidians. P. 493-499.
The paper describes the techniques of the actinospores investigation under field and laboratory conditions. The methylene blue solution for staining of actinospore processes and estimating of daughter cells of sporoplasm is proposed.
in Russian
Review of the monograph: Novak A.I. and Novak M.D., "Parasitocenoses of the water ecosystems of the Volga River Basin". P. 500-504.
in Russian
Index. P. 505-508.
in Russian