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Комментарии к аннотированному списку усачей (CERAMBYCOIDEA) Европы

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Mikhail L. Danilevsky

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  Some authors regarded Vesperus serranoi as a synonym of V. conicicollis;
 according to Vives (2000) V. conicicollis = V. baesuriensis.
  Prinobius was often regarded as a subgenus of Macrotoma.
  Tribal division of Lepturinae is partly based on larval characters, see Svacha
 and Danilevsky (1989).
  Rhamnusium gracilicorne and Rh. bicolor are often considered as synonyms.
  Vadonia hirsuta is often considered as an individual variation of V. unipunctata
 (see Panin and Savulescu, 1961).
  We used (after C.Pesarini and A.Sabbadini, 1994) Leptura annularis F., 1801 as a
 replacement name for L. arcuata Panzer, 1793 (not Linnaeus, 1758).
        The species was recorded for Andorra (Vives, 1984) and as probable for other
 Pyrenees localities (Vives, 2000).
  G. Sama (1991) proposed to change the name Tetropium in the oldest name
 Isarthron, ignoring Opinion No 1473 (1988) on the conservation of Tetropium.
  E.Vives (2000) insists on Niphona Mulsant, 1839, instead of Nyphona Dejean, 1835;
 according to G. Sama (1991) Nyphona Dejean, 1937.
        Phymatoderus Dejean, 1937 is nomen nudum, so Phymatoderus Reitter, 1912 =
 Reitteroderus Sama, 1991 (see Sama, 1999b).
  In North Europe Gracilia minuta and Nathrius brevipennis are not native, but
 often imported with wickerwood articles.
  Taxonomy and distribution of Glaphyra are given according to G. Sama (1995).
  The treating of Xylosteus spinolae rufiventris as a separate subspecies was
 proposed by G. Sama (1993).
  Specimens of Vadonia livida with vertical and radial directions of pronotal
 pubescence are often mixed in one population, so we do not regard P. livida m. pecta
 (J.Daniel et K.Daniel, 1891) as a subspecies, as well as m. desbrochersi (Pic, 1891)
 which is also often mixed with less tomented specimens.
  West European population of Cerambyx cerdo do not show distinct differentiation
 on subspecies level, still many authors joint Pirenean populations together with
 ssp. mirbecki described from North Africa (see Vives, 1984), as well as French
 populations together with ssp. pfisteri described from Sicily (see Villiers, 1978).
  Purpuricenus caucasicus was separated from P. budensis by A. Miroshnikov
 (Danilevsky, Miroshnikov, 1985).
  Dubious records of Reitteroderus lividus for several countries could based on
 imported specimens.
  Records of Chlorophorus herbstii for NW Kazachstan (Plavilstshikov, 1940: 467)
 were connected with Ch. elaeagni (Kostin, 1973: 184).
  Old records of Dorcadion elegans for Hungary as well as possible occurrence in
 Poland are not reliable.
  All specimens from the territory of the former USSR, identified as Pogonocherus
 ovatus, in Plavilstshikov's collection in Moscow Zoological Museum, were in fact P.
 decoratus. No P. ovatus from this area are known to the authors, so all records we
 consider as doubtful (we have not checked the collections of Litva, Latvia and
  Many authors regard Pogonocherus taygetanus as a synonym or a subspecies of P.
  G. Sama (1994b) joined European representatives of Acanthoderini in Nearctic
 genus Aegomorphus.
 According to Monne (1994) the type species of Acanthoderes is Lamia varia
 F.,1787 = A. clavipe (Schrank 1781) - designation of Bates (1861), but not South
 American Lamia daviesi, designated by Thomson, 1864.
 In fact the text by Bates (1861: 19): "In A. varius, the European species
 which may be considered typical of the genus,:"  can not be regarded as the type
 designation of the genus.
        G.Sama (1994) established species independence of Plagionotus siculus and used
 Prinobius myardi Muls. as a replacement name for P. scutellaris Germ., described as
 Prionus scutellaris Germ.(not Olivier, 1795).
  Stenostola alboscutellata was recently regarded (Bense, 1995) as a synonym of S.
  Ropalopus fischeri was described from near Kharkov (East Ukraine), and mentioned
 as a separate species from near Voronezh (Central Russia) by G.V. Lindeman (1963).
  Xylotrechus asellus (= grumi) together with X. namanganensis (Heyden, 1885) were
 separated in a new genus Turanoclytus Sama, 1994.
  The synonymisations: Agapanthia lederi - A. helianthi and Clytus asellus =
 Xylotrechus grumi were introduced by M.Danilevsky (1992b). Xylotrechus grumi was
 mentioned by I. S. Zakharchenko (1957) for Transvolga region.
  Oberea taygetana was treated as a synonym of O. erythrocephala by C. Demelt
  We are not sure if the forms of Chlorophorus sartor with twice interrupted
 anterior elytral stripe from France and Italy really represent a good subspecies,
 but the name "infensus" (Plavilstshikov, 1940) is not suitable for it (used by
 C.Pesarini and A. Sabbadini, 1994), because this name was proposed for a very rare
 individual aberration from Caucasus.
  The common treatment of Spondylidinae as a separate subfamily is a taxomic error
 (see Svacha, Danilevsky, 1987).
  Phytoecia manicata, described from Syria, absent in Europe. All records of this
 species from Europe due to Ph. pubescence, which is not close to Ph. manicata and
 can be easily distinguished from the later by the absence of spines on the male
 coxae (Danilevsky, 1993).
  Records of A. violacea were often connected with A. intermedia, so the
 distributional data are provisional.
  Lucasianus levaillanti was recorded for Spain and Portugal by J. Plaza Lama
 (1990) and G. Sama (1992a).
  Agapanthia reyi was considered by some authors as a synonym of A. annularis, or
 by others as a synonym of A. asphodeli (Sama, 1992). I have accepted the last
 position after E.Vives (2000).
  According to G.Sama (1988a) Phytoecia rufipes must be absent in Siberia and
 Central Asia, because of its monophagy on Foeniculum. The species, which has
 continuous area from South Russia to Siberia and Central Asia were often collected
 by M. Danilevsky on Prangos. So we plased it in the list under another name - Ph.
 sibirica, though we do not see considerable differences between specimens from West
 Europe and Russia.
  G.Sama (1987) regarded Purpuricenus desfontainii inhumeralis as a separate
 subspecies and mentioned the occurrence of P. d. desfontainii on Crete.
  Shurmania was recently considered as a synonym of Alocerus (Holzschuh, 1995).
  Purpuricenus caucasicus was treated as a separate species by A. Miroshnikov
 (1984), but recently it was regarded as a subspecies of P. budensis from Armenien
 Republic and Turkey (Sabbadini and Pesarini, 1992).
  Morinus ganglbaueri and M. funereus are often considered as synonyms of Morinus
 asper. Here we accept the point of view of J.Simonetta (1989).
  Phytoecia hispanica was considered as a synonym of Ph. coerulea (Gonzales,
  Echinocerus scalaris (as well as Phoracantha semipunctata) was mentioned for
 Spain by J. Plaza Lama et J. de Ferrer (1988).
  We include West Europe in the area of Tetrops gilvipes following P. Berger
 (1985), though the distribution of this species in Europe rests unclear.
        C. Pesarini and A. Sabbadini (1994) regard that Tetrops gilvipes, described
 from Transcaucasie, absent in West Europe, and black Tetrops with pale legs from
 West Europe can be a separate species T. nigra or a dark form of T. praeusta.
  The subspecies rank of Agapanthia cardui pannonica was established by J.M.
 Gutowski (1992)
  Siberian Anoplodera rufiventris (Gebler, 1830) absent in Europe. The records of
 this species for Roumania (Kaszab, 1971; Pesarini, Sabbadini, 1994) based on the
 very doubtful synonymisation: A. rufiventris = Leptura nigroflava Fuss, 1852, are
 not correct. Different authors proposed different synonyms for L. nigroflava:
 Evodinellus borealis, Brachyta variabilis, B. borni and so on.
  The African species Chlorophorus pelletieri was mentioned for France and Spain
 by Villiers (1946) after wrong determination Villiers (1974a, 1978), as well as for
 Italy by G. Sama (1988) after S. de Bertolini (1875, 1899), see G. Sama (1988). But
 recently (Pesarini and Sabbadini, 1995) it was once more regarded as questionable
 member of European fauna.
  G. Sama (1987) proposed to regard Grammoptera bipustulata as a subspecies of G.
 auricollis and then (Sama, 1996) considered its population from Creta as a separate
 subspecies G. a. basicornis.
  Helladia millefolii alziari Sama, 1992, described from Cyprus and Turkey, was
 mentioned for Crete by C. Pesarini and A. Sabbadini (1994).
  The original locality of Vesperus creticus is not clear (see Bense, 1995: 470).
  G. Sama (1982) recorded Purpuricenus nanus Semenov, 1907 for Greece due to the
 wrong label (Sama, 1996).
  The distribution of Stenopterus rufus geniculatus is shown according to G. Sama
  G. Sama (1996) regarded the name Clytus robertae as nomen nudum, but we are not
 sure if it is really fitting to the conditions of the Art. 15 of the International
 Code of Zoological Nomenclature (conditional proposition).
  We show here the subgenus construction of Pedostrangalia proposed by G. Sama
 (1992b), though it seems to be doubtful. P. circaocularis (Pic, 1934) = P.
 variicornis  (Matsushita, 1933, nec Dalman, 1817 ) - type species of Etorofus, and
 P. pubescens  are rather different (structure of apical abdominal segments, tarsi
 and so on).
  We accepted the separation of E. clathratus and E. borealis in different
 subgenera after C. Pesarini and A. Sabbadini (1994).
  We tried to composed all species of D. (Pedestredorcadion) in natural groups,
 but proposed order of species can't completely reflect our point of view as several
 species rest unknown to us.
  Macroleptura thoracica was often regarded as a representative of american genus
 Stenelytrana Gistl, 1848 (= Stenura Dejean, 1835; = Megaleptura Chemsak, 1964,).
  The records of Mesoprionus besicanus for Crete seem to be based on wrong
 determinations of M. batelkai (Slama, 1996).
  Purpuricenus caucasicus was recorded for Macedonia by M.Slama and J. Slamova
 (1996) with question mark; later this population was described as P. renyvonae.
  Stenopterus atricornis was recorded as a species for Greece (Slama, Slamova,
  The synonymy Vadonia parnassensis (Pic) = V. aspoeckorum Holz. was published by
 M.Slama and J.Slamova (1996).
  Anastrangalia dubia moreana was regarded as a Peloponnese subspecies (Slama,
 Slamova, 1996).
  Several authers (for example M. Slama and J. Slamova, 1996) regard Phymatodes
 pusillus barbipes as a good subspecies, but such separation can not be considered as
 generally accepted.
  All records of Cortodera discolor Fairm. for Europe could be connected with
 wrong identification of recently described C. steineri Sama, 1997.
  Echinocerus andreui (Fuente, 1910) is revalidated by J.I. Lopez-Colon (1997) as
 a species, but E.Vives (2000) regarded it as subspecies of Echinocerus bobelayei
 (though in Plagionotus).
  According to S. V. Saluk (personal communication), Deilus fugax (Oliv.) was
 found in Pripiat National Reserve.
  According to S. V. Saluk (personal communication), several specimens of
 Pogonocherus decoratus were reared by him from Pinus pallasiana branches collected
 in Crimea near Gurzuf.
  In spite of G. Sama's opinion (1987), M. Slama (1997) insists on the original
 treatment of Grammoptera bipustulata Steiner as separate species.
  The records of Lepturalia nigripes rufipennis for Europe (Adlbauer, 1990;
 Adlbauer, Egger, 1997) were based on single specimens with reddish elytrae, which
 occasionally occur in all area of nominative subspecies as well as specimens with
 yellowish elytrae are spread over the area of L. n. rufipennis.
  Usually the name "Rhesus" attributed to Motschulsky was used for the genus. But
 originally "Rhesus" was introduced for Prionus serricollis Motsch. by J.Thomson
 (1860), non Lesson (1840).
  The subspecies structure of D. minutum Kraatz, 1873 is prepared according to the
 oppinion of Herr S. Steiner (private letter of 28.3.99).
  I accepted only two of three generic names proposed for European fauna by
 Miroshnikov (1998a,b). Leptura tesserula (the type species of his Batesiata) is so
 close to L. fulva (the type speciea of his Paracorymbia) that I regard Paracorymbia
 = Batesiata. I prefer to place in Aredolpona (=Corymbia) only three species and all
 others leave in Paracorymbia, including Melanoleptura as a subgenus.
        According to E.Vives (2000) Corymbia Gozis, 1886 is a junior homonym of
 Corymbia Walker, 1865 (described in Noctuidae, now in Notodontidae) and must be
 changed in Aredolpona Nakane et Hayashi, 1957.
 The necessaty of the name change is evident as Corymbia Walker is not "nomen
 oblitum" according to the Article 23.9.1. of ICZN (1999) and was mentioned among
 valid names in "The Genera Names of Moths of the World." Vol.2. London. 1980: 44 (by
 Watson, A., Fletcher, D.C. and Nye, I.W.B. in Nye I.W.B.).
  According to Sama (1995) Oplosia fennica (Paykull, 1800) was described as Lamia
 fennica (nec L., 1758), and must be replaced by Oplosia cinerea (Mulsant, 1839).
  I. lusitanicum mimomucidum was regarded as separate species (Serrano et al.,
  Molorchus umbellatarum was recorded for Norway by J. Skartveit (1997).
  Dorcadion (I.) vanhoegaerdeni Breun. was regarded as a synonym I.(H.) heydeni
 (Vives, 1983, 2000) or as species (Tome, 1997).
  Glaphyra marmottani was recorded for Spain by E. Vives (1997).
  According to P. Berger (1997), Iberodorcadion fuliginator navarricum = I.
 fuliginator urgulli.
  Aegomorphus (as Acanthoderes) krueperi was recorded for Bulgaria by Bringmann
  Strangalia attenuata was recorded for Spain by Perez M.I. et al. (1997).
  Saperda similis was recorded for Estonia (Martin, 1991).
  Mesocerambyx Zagaikevitch, 1991 (nec Mesocerambyx Hitzinger, 1943) must
 be replaced. Mesocermabyx together with Microcerambyx were regarded as synonyms of
 Cerambyx by E.Vives (2000).
  Oberea linearis was recorded for Sardinia by C. Meloni (1987)
  Paracorymbia cordigera was recorded for Czechia by J.Vavra (1996).
  Phytoecia algerica was recorded for Spain (Vives, 1996).
  Callidiellum rufipenne was recorded for Spain (Bahilo de la PUEBLA et
  H.D. Bringmann (1995) recorded for Bulgaria Agapanthia lais, A. osmanlis, A.
  Agapanthia leucaspis was recorded for Austria (Bohme, 1994).
  Glaphyra unbellatarum was recorded for Estonia (Milander, 1994).
  Chlorophorus varius was introduced to Sweden (Warmling, Ahnlund, 1994).
  Leioderes kollari was recorded for Switzerland (Scherler, 1993).
  Stenopterus mauritanicus was regarded (Bahillo de la Puebla, 1992) as a
 subspecies of S. rufus.
  Tetrops starki was recorded for Great Britain (Harrison, 1992).
  Cortodera flavimana was recorded for Slovakia ("Hohe Tatra") by G. Kremer
  Chlorophorus figuratus was recorded for Sardinia (Meloni, 1992).
  Asias halodendri (= ephippium) was recorded for Albania (Muraj, 1960) and
 Bulgaria (Angelov, 1995).
  According to Suda, Milander (1998): Pidonia lurida, Anastrangalia dubia,
 Monochamus sartor and Pogonocherus ovatus are absent in Estonia. The presence of
 Anoplodera rufipes, Pachytodes cerambyciformis, Cerambyx scopolii, Plagionotus
 arcuatus and Stenostola dubia is rather doubtful.
        According to E.Vives (2000) Anoplodera rufipes (Schaller, 1783) was described
 as Leptura rufipes (not Goeze, 1777) and must be replaced to A. krueperi
 (Ganglbauer, 1882). The change can not be accepted according to the Article 23.9. of
 ICZN (1999).
  Xylosteus caucasicola was recorded for European Turkey and Cortodera umbripennis
 for Bulgaria (Sama, Rapuzzi, 1999). I prefer now to regard C. umbripennis as a
 subspecies of C. alpina (described from Daghestan). It is very probable, that last
 record was connected with very close Cortodera khatchikovi Danilevsky, 2001.
  According to G.Sama (1999b): Chlorophorus glabromaculatus is a distinct species.
 Trichoferus holosericeus (Rossi, 1790) = T. cinereus (Villers, 1789), described as
 Cerambyx, not Cerambyx cinereus De Geer, 1775. Ropalopus varini Bedel, 1870 =
 Ropalopus spinicornis (Abeille, 1869), described as Callidium, not Callidium
 spinicorne Olivier, 1795. Chlorophorus pilosus and Morimus asper ganglbaueri are
 firstly recorded for Italy. Saperda perforata is confirmed for Italy.
  According to personal comunication by D. Telnov (November 2000), Cyrtoclytus
 capra was found in Latvia.
  It is necessary to accept the old point of view (Karpinsky, 1948) - Alosterna
 ingrica is a separate species.
  Psilotarsus brachypterus hemipterus was recorded for Orenburg (Russia) by
 Danilevsky (2000).
  Pseudosphegesthes cinerea, Isotomus speciosus and Phytoecia scutellata were
 listed for Germany by KФler and Klauznitzer (1998).
        E.Vives (2000) indicated as authors of P.cinerea - Laporte et Gory (1835).
  According to Vives (2000), Macrotoma Serv.,1832-June is a junitor homonym of
 Macrotoma Laporte,1832-April (Diptera). The necessaty of the name change must be
 checked in agree with Article 23.9.1. of ICZN (1999). But even if it must be
 changed, the necessity of new tribal name (Prinobiini Vives, 2000) is doubtful.
 Severa other names can be used: Mallodonitae Thomson, 1860; Stenodontines Lameere,
  According to Vives (2000), Macrotoma germari Dejean, 1835 is a valid name.
  Meroscelisitae J.Thomson, 1860 (after Monne et Giesbert, 1993)
  According to Vives (2000) the correct names of the subfamily and tribe are
 respectively Spondylidinae and Spondylidini.
  The presence of Phoracantha recurva in Spain was recorded by Luiz et Barranco
  According to E.Vives (2000) Penichroa fasciata (desribed as Callidium fasciatum
 Stephens, 1931, not Herbst, 1784, not Billberg, 1817) must be replaced with P.
 timida (Menetries, 1831). The necessaty of the name change must be checked in agree
 with Article 23.9.1. of ICZN (1999).
  Hesperophanes, Deroplia, Anaesthetis, Stenostola and Exocentrus are attributed
 by E.Vives (2000) to Dejean, 1835, as well as Purpuricenus globulicollis to Dejean,
 1839; Stenocorus to Geoffroy, 1762; Vesperus, Purpuricenus and Parmena to Dejean,
 1821; Opsilia to Mulsant, 1862; O. malachitica to Mulsant, 1846; Phytoecia
 erythrocnema to Lucas, 1846; Oberea to Mulsant, 1835; Tetrops to Stephens, 1829.
  Tetropium fuscum was recorded for Spain (Sanchez, Tolosa, 1999) based on wrong
 determination of Asemum tenuicorne (Vives, 2000).
  E.Vives (2000) paid attention to the female gender of Calchaenesthes.
  E.Vives (2000) proposed for Ropalopus clavipes (F., 1775) the oldest name R.
 nigroplanus (Degeer, 1775); for Grammoptera ruficornis (F.,1781) - G. atra (F.,
 1775). The changes can not be accepted according to the Article 23.9. of ICZN
  I. (H.) mosqueruelense var. pseudomolitor is regarded as a species (Gonzales
 et al., 2000).
  According to E.Vives (2000) Paraphymatodes fasciatus (described as Cerambyx
 fasciatus Villers, 1789, not Scopoli, 1763, not Degeer, 1775, not F., 1775, not
 Geoffroy, 1785, not Villers, 1789) must be replaced with P. unifasciatus (Rossi,
 1790). The necessaty of the name change must be checked in agree with Article
 23.9.1. of ICZN (1999)
  Plagionitus marcae was changed by E.Vives (2000) to Plagionotus marcorum
 becouse of "grafia original incorrecta".
  Two genera Rhagium and Rhamnusium were separated by E.Vives (2000) in a small
 tribe Rhagiini, while other genera (including Oxymirus) are grouped in tribe
 "Toxotini", though the name Toxotus is a synonym of Stenocorus.
  According to A.Miroshnikov (1998: 596) the correct name of African subspecies
 of M. scutellata is M. s. melas (Lucas, 1849), but not generally accepted
 (Aurivillius, 1912; Winkler, 1929; Villiers, 1946; Sama, 1988; Vives, 1994; Althoff,
 Danilevsky, 1997) - melaena (Lucas, 1849). E.Vives (2000) accepted M.s.melas, but
 another dated: Lucas, 1846 (?).
  According to A.Villiers (1978) - Leptura otini Peyerimhoff, 1945; according to
 E.Vives (2000) - Leptura otini Peyerimhoff, 1949.
  Judolia sexmaculata was recorded for Andorra (Vives, 1984) and as probable for
 other Pyrenees localities (Vives, 2000).
  Following E.Vives (2000) I accept the spelling Stenurella approximans; before
 it was spelled "aproximans" (Vives, 1984; Bense, 1995).
  Vesperus bolivari Oliveira, 1893 (Vives, 2000) was previously attributed to
 Paulino, 1893 (Vives, 1984) - evidently same author.
  According to E.Vives (2000) Carinatodorcadion is a junior synonym of
  According to E.Vives (2000) Iberodorcadion fuliginator meridionale = I. f.
 navarricum. A.Villiers (1978) regarded both as different.
  According to E.Vives (2000) Iberodorcadion fuliginator meridionale = I.
 loarrense Berger, 1997. Until my own opinion will be formed I've placed this name
 among subspecies of I.fuliginator.
  According to E.Vives (2000), Iberodorcadion seoanei kricheldorffi = I.
 lainzgalloi Rodrigues-Gracia, 1996. Until my own opinion will be formed I've placed
 this name among subspecies of I. seoanei.
  According to E.Vives (2000), the status of D. (Iberodorcadion) ceballosi
 Breuning, 1948 is "incertae sedis". Before (Vives, 1984) it was regarded as a
 synonym of I. iserni.
  According to E. Vives (2000), I. coelloi is a subspecies of I. mucidum.
  According to E. Vives (2000), I. nigrosparsum Verdugo, 1993 (the name was
 introduced by M.Pic 1941 as variation) is a synonym of I. mucidum annulicorne. Until
 my own opinion will be formed I've placed this name among subspecies of I. mucidum.
  A new synonym - Iberodorcadion seguntianum = Dorcadion (I.) ruspolii Breuning,
 1974 was independently proposed by two authors: M.Tome (1999) and then E.Vives
 (2000). Until my own opinion will be formed I regard it as a subspecies of I.
  A separate (according to M.Tome, 1999, that was accepted by Vives, 2000)
 species Iberodorcadion (H.) becerrae was previously (Vives, 1983, 1984) regarded as
 a subspecies of I. seguntianum.
  According to M.Tome (1999), Dorcadion (Iberodorcadion) becerrae pulvipenne
 morph. parterreductum Breuning 1976 is a synonym of Iberodorcadion (H.) seguntianum.
        Dorcadion (Iberodorcadion) turdetanum morph. superdenudatum; Breuning 1967 is
 a synonym of Iberodorcadion (Hispanodorcadion) seguntianum.
        Both names (partereductum and superdenudatum) were missed by E. Vives (2000).
  According to E.Vives (2000), Iberodorcadion (H.) marinae is a subspecies of I.
 albicans; I.(H.) ortunoi - a subspeciers of ghiliani.
  According to E.Vives (2000), Parmena pubescens breuningi Vives, 1979 is a
 subspecies of P. solieri. According to A. Vives (2001) it is a species.
  E.Vives (2000) accepted the original spelling Aplocnemia Stephens, 1831, which
 was changed in right form Aphelocnemia in the erratum to the original publication
 (according to Villiers, 1978, in 1831: 414; according to Vives, 2000, in 1832: 406
  According to E.Vives (2000), Aegomorphus clavipes (Schrank, 1781) was described
 as Cerambyx (not Forster, 1771) and must be replaced to A. varius (F., 1787). The
 change can not be accepted according to the Article 23.9. of ICZN (1999).
  According to E.Vives, the date of Pityphilus Mulsant is 1862.
  According to E.Vives, Pogonocherus ovatus Goeze, 1777 was described as Cerambyx
 (not Sulzer, 1776) and must be replaced by Pogonocherus ovalis (Gmelin, 1790). The
 change can not be accepted according to the Article 23.9. of ICZN (1999)
  According to E.Vives, the date of Pogonocherus caroli Mulsant is 1862.
  The tribe Rhodopinini seems to be composed of only one genus Rhodopina close to
 Lamiini. According to Linsley et Chemsak (1985), the tribe Desmiphorini (the name
 accepted by Vives, 2000), is very special and limited by American species. Other
 genera usually included in tribe Apodasyini are also not relatives.
  E.Vives (2000) regards Cerambyx carcharias L., 1758 as type species of Saperda
 (Westwood designation, 1840), while in fact it is Cerambyx scalaris L., 1758 (Curtis
 designation, 1829). So, Anaerea is not a synonym of Saperda. I prefer now to regard
 Saperda s.l. consisting of several subgenera including Lopezcolonia (replacing name
 for Argalia Mulsant, 1862 not Gray, 1846). Lopezcolonia was regarded as a genus
 (Vives, 2000), or (Vives, 2001) as a subgenus of Saperda.
  Asemum tenuicorne was recorded for Spain by E.Vives (2000b).
  According to Sama (1999c), Dorcadion olympicum=D.obsoletum.
  Chlorophorus trifasciatus was recorded for Sardinia by Meloni (1999).
  Arhopalus syriacus, Oxypleurus nodieri and Pyrrhidium sanguineum were reported
 for sardinia by B.Colonna B.(1999).
  Acmaeops marginatus, Akimerus schaefferi, Brachyleptura erythroptera, Obrium
 brunneum, Tetropium castaneum were recorded for Greece by P.Berger (2000)
  Rhagium inquisitor was recorded for Sicily by C. Baviera (1999).
  Callidium aeneum was recorded for Netherlands by J.G.M. Cuppen (1999).
  Nathrius berlandi was recorded for Spain by M.Slama et A. Simon Sorli (2001).
  According to Hernandez (2000), I. perezi includes ssp. ghiliani, ssp. ortunoi
 and ssp. hispanicum.
  According to Vives (2001), Parmena cruciata Pic, 1912 is a species, which was
 wrongly identified in Spain  before (Vives, 2000) as P. pubescens algirica; the
 latter taxon absent in Spain. Earlier (Vives, 2000)P. cruciata was regarded as a
 synonym of P. pubescens s.str.
  Saperda perforata was recorded for Spain by Sanchez (2000) and placed in
 subgenus Lopezcolonia by E.Vives (2001).
  According to A.Verdugo (2001a), Iberodorcaion mus = lusitanicum and then
 (Verdugo, 2001b), I. mus = grisescens.
  According to A.Paulian (1986), X. antilope var. sekerai Podany must be regarded
 as a subspecies from Corsica. The taxon was also described as X. antilope ab. lentoi
 Paulian, 1979;
 first records for Corsica: A. gibbosus and Parmena balteus.
  According to Kovacs and Hegyessy (1997): Cortodera holosericea was collected on
 Centaurea triumfettii (imagoes and larvae); Agapanthya maculicornis was collected on
 Campanula glomerata;
 Xylotrechus pantherinus was regarded as Rusticoclytus.
  According to Ziarko (1993), the records of Paracorymbia fulva and Molorchus
 kiesenwetteri (and some other species) for Poland were based on wrong
 identifications of other species. P.fulva absent in Poland, the occurrence of
 M.kiesenwetteri is rather doubtful.
  The system of Cortodera species close to C. reitteri and C. ruthena was revised
 by Danilevsky (2001ab).
        The date of Dorcadion glicyrrhizae (Pallas), published as Cerambyx in "Reise
 durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs, T.2", is 1773, as it was shown
 in the references to the article by Danilevsky (2001a), but not 1771, as it was
 wrongly mentioned in the title of the article and in its text (pp. 1-4).  The
 mistake was left in the paper after first version of my text based on Breuning
 (1961) data.
        The original spelling "glicyrrhizae" restored by me (Danilevsky,1999), must
 be forgotten according to the Article of the ICZN (1999). The general
 accepted spelling "glycyrrhizae" must be used.
 The iterpretation of two species of European Stenostola is different in
 different publications. According to Bily and Mehl (1989), the species with more
 developed metallic lustre and rough elytral punctationis is S. ferrea ("Body black
 with slight metallic lustre. Elytra with coarse punctuation." Villiers
 (1978)accepted same position: "Corp d'un noir ardoise, a net reflet metallique." But
 for Bense (1995) S. ferrea: "Elytra macroscopically without a blue metallic shine;
 :", and S. dubia: "Elytra macroscopically with a distinct blue shine; :". This
 position was accepted by Heyrovsky (1955), Plavistshikov (1965) and many other
 authors incuding Danilevsky and Miroshnikov (1985 - so S. ferrea maculipennis Holz.
 belongs to European species with less metallic lustre, finer punctuation and denser
 pubescence). That is why all faunistical records of two species are doubtful.
        According to Plavilstshikov (1965) Stenostola in the European part of the USSR
 was distributed southwards from the south of forest areas. According to Bense
 (1995), Stenostola ferrea is distributed in Bultic Republics; according to
 Alexandrovitch et al. (1996) Stenostola presents in Belarus. I've got two males of
 S. dubia (sensu Bense) from Vladimir Region (Kol'tchugino Distr., Zhuravlikha, on
 Salix caprea, 9.5.2001, Svetlov leg.).
        According to Kusama and Takakuwa (1984), Xylotrechus = Xyloclytus =

Last updated: January, 2002