Зоогеография Северного полушария и амфибии: Палеарктика и Неарктика или Голарктика?

Л.Я. Боркин и С.Н. Литвинчук

Труды Зоологического института РАН, 2014, 318(4): 433–485   ·   https://doi.org/10.31610/trudyzin/2014.318.4.433

Полный текст  

Резюме

Кратко изложены различные варианты объединения внетропических районов Северного полушария, т.е. Палеарктики и Неарктики, в единый биогеографический регион («Бореальная область» или царство, «Арктогея», «Периарктическая область», «Триарктика» или «Голарктика»), предложенные зоологами и ботаниками во второй половине XIX – первой трети XX века. Более детально описана история появления концепции Голарктики (A. Heilprin 1883, 1887) и критическая дискуссия вокруг неё (А. Уоллес, Т. Гилл). Проведённая нами количественная оценка распределения семейств амфибий по пяти зоогеографическим областям с использованием индекса Чекановского–Сёренсена на основе таксономии того времени (Wallace 1876b) свидетельствует в пользу правомочности выводов, сделанных А. Хейлприном, о большем сходстве Палеарктики и Неарктики между собой по сравнению с соседними регионами. Однако такой же анализ фаунистического сходства тех же пяти областей на уровне семейств, родов, а также видов амфибий с учётом современной систематики доказывает самостоятельность батрахофаун Палеарктики и Неарктики, тем самым опровергая реальность Голарктики для амфибий.

Ключевые слова

амфибии, Голарктика, зоогеография, Неарктика, Палеарктика

Поступила в редакцию 25 ноября 2014 г.  ·  Принята в печать 15 декабря 2014 г.  ·  Опубликована 25 декабря 2014 г.

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