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Main areas of research Current projects Main achievements Collaborations
      The White Sea Biological Station Kartesh is a research institution, hence its main aim is to conduct fundamental and applied biological research with a focus on the White Sea organisms. Major advantages of the WSBS as a marine station are the all-year-round access to the research facilities and collection sites and possibility of long-term monitoring studies. Therefore, many projects carried out at the WSBS are focused on short- and long-term trends in communities of the White Sea plants and animals.
Traditionally, the main research foci at the WSBS are:
      Some projects are performed in a framework of special programs of the Russian Academy of Sciences, while others are supported by national (RFBR) and international (Copernicus, INTAS) funding agencies or private companies.

Prey-predator interactions by the example of gastropod mollusk Amauropsis islandica and intertidal bivalves (Aristov)

Mechanisms of salinity and temperature adaptations in marine invertebrates (Berger)

Biological resources and productivity of the White Sea (Berger)

Distribution of particulate organic matter in the White Sea (Berger)

Larval development of bivalve mollusks (Flyachinskaya, Lezin)

3-D imaging and computer modeling of bivalve mollusks and their larvae; taxonomic database of 3D images of bivalve mollusks (Flyachinskaya, Lezin)

Morphology of the nervous system in nemertines using layer-by-layer vital modeling (Zaytseva – Zoological Institute, Flyachinskaya)

Interactions between hosts and parasites in Palaearctic coastal ecosystems: interpretation and modeling of the mussel/bird predator system. (Galaktionov, Sukhotin, Nikolaev)

Seasonal and long-term changes in composition of component populations of trematodes in the White Sea intertidal mollusks (Galaktionov, Nikolaev)

Biology and behaviour of free-living larvae (cercaria) of trematodes from the coastal ecosystems in Northern seas (Galaktionov)

Fauna and ecology of helminthes in marine birds of Palaearctic (Galaktionov)

Long-term changes in population structure and parasite dynamics of periwinkles Littorina and mussels The role of ecologically “aggressive” species in fouling communities trough the example of a sponge Halichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766) from the White Sea Mytilus (Galaktionov, Nikolaev, Kozminsky)

Allelopathic interactions between organisms in fouling communities (Khalaman, Komendantov)

The role of ecologically “aggressive” species in fouling communities trough the example of a sponge Halichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766) from the White Sea (Khalaman, Komendantov)

Longevity, reproduction and growth in an ascidian Molgula citrina (Khalaman, Komendantov, Shaposhnikova - St.Petersburg State University)

Long-term effect of some fouling organisms on the biochemical status of tissues of the mussel Mytilus edulis (Khalaman, Komendantov, Fokina, Skidchenko - Institute of Biology KRC)

Sibling species in the White Sea (Flyachinskaya, Lezin)

Capacity and resistance adaptations to salinity in marine invertebrates (Komendantov)

Formation and inheritance of shell coloration in mollusks (Kozminsky)

Long-term and seasonal succession of planktonic communities in the White Sea (Kutcheva, Usov, Martynova)

Effect of zooplankton abundance on feeding and development of herring (Clupea harengus) fry (Kutcheva)

Spatial organization and formation of blue mussels settlements, and mussel behavior (Lezin)

Microhydrodynamics, filtration and feeding in bryozoans (Shunatova, Tamberg – St.Petersburg State University,Lezin)

Mussel behaviour: movements and byssus formation (Lezin)

Pelagic ecosystems of the White Sea: Scoop-like bays as a micromodel of the White Sea (Naumov, Martynova)

Water exchange between the White Sea and Polar Ocean (Naumov)

Long-term and seasonal changes and their mechanisms in populations and communities on the soft bottom intertidal zone (Naumov, Aristov, Bijagov)

Creation and maintaining of database of benthos in the White Sea (Naumov)

Effect of trematodes metacercaria on blue mussels’ physiology and behaviour (Nikolaev, Galaktionov)

Ecological and parasitological studies of three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus L. in the White Sea (Shatskikh, Galaktionov, Lajus - St.Petersburg State University)

Metabolic rate in the course of aging in animals with asymptotic growth (Sukhotin)

Oxidative stress and antioxidants in mollusks with different longevity (Sukhotin)

Seasonal variations in growth, biochemical composition and caloric value of mussels from sub-Arctic populations (Sukhotin)

Long-term and seasonal changes in population structure of intertidal mussel populations (Sukhotin)

Population structure, growth, feeding and reproduction in key benthic fish species (sea scorpions, eel-pouts, wolffish, cod, three-spined stickleback) (Yershov).

Influence of tidal and permanent (residual) currents on the zooplankton in Chupa Inlet (the White Sea) (Usov, R. May, R. Smagin – St.Petersburg State University)

      The WSBS serves as a permanent expedition centre for most other departments of the Zoological Institut of Russian Academy of Sciences. Besides that, the WSBS actively maintains scientific contacts and collaborations with numerous national and foreign research institutions and universities.

Russian Research Institutions and Universities
Saint-Petersburg State University (Saint-Petersburg)
Institute of Cytology of Russian Academy of Sciences (Saint-Petersburg)
Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry named after I.M. Sechenov of Russian Academy of Sciences (Saint-Petersburg)
Institute of the Developmental Biology named after N.K. Koltsov of Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow)
Institute of Oceanology named after P.P. Shirshov of Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow)
Institute for Information Transmission Problems named after Kharkevitch of Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow)
Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Moscow)
All-Russia Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (Moscow)
Institute of Biology of Karelian Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (Petrozavodsk)
Institute of Water Problems of Karelian Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (Petrozavodsk)
Petrozavodsk State University (Petrozavodsk)
Petrozavodsk Institute of Education (Petrozavodsk)
Murmansk Marine Biology Institute of Kola Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences (Murmansk)
Polar Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (Murmansk)
Murmansk Marine Technical University (Murmansk)
North Department of Polar Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (Archangel’sk)
Institute of Marine Biology named after A.V. Zhirmunsky of Far East Department of Russian Academy of Sciences (Vladivostok)
Pskov State University of Education (Pskov)
Kazan’ State University (Kazan’)
Institute of Biological Problems of the North of Far East Department of Russian Academy of Sciences (Magadan)

Foreign Research Institutions and Universities
Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (Bremerhaven, Germany)
Netherlands Institute of Ecology (Yerseke, The Netherlands)
University of Florence (Firenze, Italy)
University of Helsinki (Helsinki, Finland)
University of North Carolina at Charlotte (Charlotte, USA)
National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (Washington, USA)
Akvaplan-Niva AS (Tromso, Norway)
Norwegian Polar Institute (Tromso, Norway)
University of Tromso (Tromso, Norway)
University of Ulster (Northern Ireland, UK)
Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland)
University of Iceland (Keldur, Iceland)